DOMParser.parseFromString()

The parseFromString() method of the DOMParser interface parses a string containing either HTML or XML, returning an HTMLDocument or an XMLDocument.

Syntax

parseFromString(string, mimeType)

Parameters

string

The string to be parsed. It must contain either an HTML, xml, xhtml+xml, or svg document.

mimeType

A string. This string determines whether the XML parser or the HTML parser is used to parse the string. Valid values are:

  • text/html
  • text/xml
  • application/xml
  • application/xhtml+xml
  • image/svg+xml

A value of text/html will invoke the HTML parser, and the method will return an HTMLDocument.

The other valid values (text/xml, application/xml, application/xhtml+xml, and image/svg+xml) are functionally equivalent. They all invoke the XML parser, and the method will return a XMLDocument.

Any other value is invalid and will cause a TypeError to be thrown.

Return value

An HTMLDocument or an XMLDocument, depending on the mimeType argument.

Examples

Parsing XML, SVG, and HTML

Note that a MIME type of text/html will invoke the HTML parser, and any other valid MIME type will invoke the XML parser. The application/xml and image/svg+xml MIME types in the example below are functionally identical — the latter does not include any SVG-specific parsing rules. Distinguishing between the two serves only to clarify the code's intent.

const parser = new DOMParser();

const xmlString = "<warning>Beware of the tiger</warning>";
const doc1 = parser.parseFromString(xmlString, "application/xml");
// XMLDocument

const svgString = "<circle cx=\"50\" cy=\"50\" r=\"50\"/>";
const doc2 = parser.parseFromString(svgString, "image/svg+xml");
// XMLDocument

const htmlString = "<strong>Beware of the leopard</strong>";
const doc3 = parser.parseFromString(htmlString, "text/html");
// HTMLDocument

console.log(doc1.documentElement.textContent)
// "Beware of the tiger"

console.log(doc2.firstChild.tagName);
// "circle"

console.log(doc3.body.firstChild.textContent);
// "Beware of the leopard"

Error handling

When using the XML parser with a string that doesn't represent well-formed XML, the XMLDocument returned by parseFromString will contain a <parsererror> node describing the nature of the parsing error.

const parser = new DOMParser();

const xmlString = "<warning>Beware of the missing closing tag";
const doc = parser.parseFromString(xmlString, "application/xml");
const errorNode = doc.querySelector('parsererror');
if (errorNode) {
  // parsing failed
} else {
  // parsing succeeded
}

Additionally, the parsing error may be reported to the browser's JavaScript console.

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard
# dom-domparser-parsefromstring-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also