CSS.registerProperty()

Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The CSS.registerProperty() method registers custom properties, allowing for property type checking, default values, and properties that do or do not inherit their value.

Registering a custom property allows you to tell the browser how the custom property should behave; what are allowed types, whether the custom property inherits its value, and what the default value of the custom property is.

Syntax

CSS.registerProperty(PropertyDefinition);

Parameters

A PropertyDefinition dictionary object, which can contain the following members:

name

A DOMString indicating the name of the property being defined.

syntax Optional

A DOMString representing the expected syntax of the defined property. Defaults to "*".

inherits

A boolean value defining whether the defined property should be inherited (true), or not (false). Defaults to false.

initialValue Optional

A DOMString representing the initial value of the defined property.

Return value

undefined.

Exceptions

InvalidModificationError

The given name has already been registered.

SyntaxError

The given name isn't a valid custom property name (starts with two dashes, e.g. --foo).

TypeError

The required name and/or inherits dictionary members were not provided.

Examples

The following will register a custom property, --my-color, using registerProperty(), as a color, give it a default value, and have it not inherit its value:

window.CSS.registerProperty({
  name: '--my-color',
  syntax: '<color>',
  inherits: false,
  initialValue: '#c0ffee',
});

In this example, the custom property --my-color has been registered using the syntax <color> . We can now use that property to transition a gradient on hover or focus. Notice that with the registered property the transition works, but that it doesn't with the unregistered property!

.registered {
  --my-color: #c0ffee;
  background-image: linear-gradient(to right, #fff, var(--my-color));
  transition: --my-color 1s ease-in-out;
}

.registered:hover,
.registered:focus {
  --my-color: #b4d455;
}

.unregistered {
  --unregistered: #c0ffee;
  background-image: linear-gradient(to right, #fff, var(--unregistered));
  transition: --unregistered 1s ease-in-out;
}

.unregistered:hover,
.unregistered:focus {
  --unregistered: #b4d455;
}
button {
  font-size: 3vw;
}

We can add these styles to some buttons:

<button class="registered">Background Registered</button>
<button class="unregistered">Background Not Registered</button>

Specifications

Specification
CSS Properties and Values API Level 1 (CSS Properties and Values API 1)
# the-registerproperty-function

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also