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Note: Prior to Gecko 1.9.2, the input element only supported a single file being selected at a time, meaning that the FileList would contain only one file. Starting with Gecko 1.9.2, if the input element's multiple attribute is true, the FileList may contain multiple files.

Using the file list

All <input> element nodes have a files array on them which allows access to the items in this list. For example, if the HTML includes the following file input:

<input id="fileItem" type="file">

The following line of code fetches the first file in the node's file list as a File object:

var file = document.getElementById('fileItem').files[0];

Method overview

File item(index);


Attribute Type Description
length integer A read-only value indicating the number of files in the list.



Returns a File object representing the file at the specified index in the file list.

 File item(
The zero-based index of the file to retrieve from the list.
Return value

The File representing the requested file.


This example iterates over all the files selected by the user using an input element:

// fileInput is an HTML input element: <input type="file" id="myfileinput" multiple>
var fileInput = document.getElementById("myfileinput");

// files is a FileList object (similar to NodeList)
var files = fileInput.files;
var file;

// loop trough files
for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {

    // get item
    file = files.item(i);
    file = files[i];


Here is a complete example.

<!--multiple is set to allow multiple files to be selected-->

<input id="myfiles" multiple type="file">



var pullfiles=function(){ 
    // love the query selector
    var fileInput = document.querySelector("#myfiles");
    var files = fileInput.files;
    // cache files.length 
    var fl=files.length;
    var i=0;

    while ( i < fl) {
        // localize file var in the loop
        var file = files[i];

// set the input element onchange to call pullfiles




See also

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