MDN wants to talk to developers like you: https://qsurvey.mozilla.com/s3/8d22564490d8

Atomics

현재 번역은 완벽하지 않습니다. 한국어로 문서 번역에 동참해주세요.

This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.

Atomics 오브젝트는 atomic operations  정적메소드로서 제공됩니다. 다음과 같은 오브젝트와 함께 SharedArrayBuffer 사용합니다.

Atomic operations Atomic Module을 인스톨해야합니다. 다른 global objects들과 다르게 Atomic은 constructor가 아닙니다. new operator를 사용하면 안되고 invoke Atomics object 함수로 사용하면됩니다. Atomics의 속성과 함수들은 static입니다.  (as is the case with the Math object, for example).

Methods

Atomic operations

메모리가 공유되었을때, 멀티쓰레드는 메모리안에 같은 데이터들을 읽거나 쓸 수 있습니다.
Atomic operations은 예측 가능한 값을 쓰고 읽으며 다음 작업이 시작되기 전에 작업이 완료되고,작업이 중단되지 않도록합니다.

Atomics.add()
Adds a given value at a given position in the array. Returns the old value at that position.
Atomics.and()
Computes a bitwise AND at a given position in the array. Returns the old value at that position.
Atomics.compareExchange()
Stores a given value at a given position in the array, if it equals a given value. Returns the old value.
Atomics.exchange()
Stores a given value at a given position in the array. Returns the old value.
Atomics.load()
Returns the value at the given position in the array.
Atomics.or()
Computes a bitwise OR at a given position in the array. Returns the old value at that position.
Atomics.store()
Stores a given value at the given position in the array. Returns the value.
Atomics.sub()
Subtracts a given value at a given position in the array. Returns the old value at that position.
Atomics.xor()
Computes a bitwise XOR at a given position in the array. Returns the old value at that position.

Wait and wake

The wait() and wake() methods are modeled on Linux futexes ("fast user-space mutex") and provide ways for waiting until a certain condition becomes true and are typically used as blocking constructs.

Atomics.wait()

Verifies that a given position in the array still contains a given value and sleeps awaiting or times out. Returns either "ok", "not-equal", or "timed-out". If waiting is not allowed in the calling agent then it throws an Error exception (most browsers will not allow wait() on the browser's main thread).

Atomics.wake()
Wakes up some agents that are sleeping in the wait queue on the given array position. Returns the number of agents that were woken up.
Atomics.isLockFree(size)

An optimization primitive that can be used to determine whether to use locks or atomic operations. Returns true, if an atomic operation on arrays of the given element size will be implemented using a hardware atomic operation (as opposed to a lock). Experts only.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Shared Memory and Atomics
The definition of 'Atomics' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262) Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support No support [2] No support 46 (46) [1] [3] No support No support No support
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support No support 46.0 (46) [1] No support No support No support

[1] This feature is disabled by a preference setting. In about:config, set javascript.options.shared_memory to true

[2] The implementation is under development and needs these runtime flags: --js-flags=--harmony-sharedarraybuffer --enable-blink-feature=SharedArrayBuffer

Compatibility notes

[3] The Shared memory specification is still stabilizing. Prior to SpiderMonkey 48 (Firefox 48 / Thunderbird 48 / SeaMonkey 2.45), the latest API names and semantics weren't implemented yet. The changes between Firefox version 46 and version 48 are:

See also

문서 태그 및 공헌자

 이 페이지의 공헌자: RyuJin
 최종 변경: RyuJin,