<mrow>

The MathML <mrow> element is used to group sub-expressions, which usually contain one or more operators with their respective operands (such as <mi> and <mn>). This element renders as a horizontal row containing its arguments.

When writing a MathML expression, you should group elements within an <mrow> in the same way as they are grouped in the mathematical interpretation of the expression. Proper grouping helps the rendering of the expression in several ways:

  • It can improve the display by possibly affecting spacing.
  • It simplifies the interpretation of the expression by automated systems such as computer algebra systems and audio renderers.

Attributes

This element accepts the global MathML attributes.

Examples

<math display="block">
  <mfrac>
   <mrow>
      <!-- numerator content grouped in one mrow -->
      <mn>1</mn>
      <mo>+</mo>
      <mi>K</mi>
    </mrow>
    <mrow>
      <!-- denominator content grouped in one mrow -->
      <mn>3</mn>
      <mrow>
        <!-- fenced expression grouped in one mrow -->
        <mo>(</mo>
        <mrow>
          <!-- fenced content grouped in one mrow -->
          <mi>x</mi>
          <mo>+</mo>
          <mi>y</mi>
        </mrow>
        <mo>)</mo>
      </mrow>
    </mrow>
  </mfrac>
</math>

Specifications

Specification
MathML Core
# horizontally-group-sub-expressions-mrow

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also

  • Grouping HTML elements: <div>