Baseline 2022

Newly available

Since June 2022, this feature works across the latest devices and browser versions. This feature might not work in older devices or browsers.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

The WritableStreamDefaultWriter interface of the Streams API is the object returned by WritableStream.getWriter() and once created locks the writer to the WritableStream ensuring that no other streams can write to the underlying sink.



Creates a new WritableStreamDefaultWriter object instance.

Instance properties

WritableStreamDefaultWriter.closed Read only

Allows you to write code that responds to an end to the streaming process. Returns a promise that fulfills if the stream becomes closed, or rejects if the stream errors or the writer's lock is released.

WritableStreamDefaultWriter.desiredSize Read only

Returns the desired size required to fill the stream's internal queue.

WritableStreamDefaultWriter.ready Read only

Returns a Promise that resolves when the desired size of the stream's internal queue transitions from non-positive to positive, signaling that it is no longer applying backpressure.

Instance methods


Aborts the stream, signaling that the producer can no longer successfully write to the stream and it is to be immediately moved to an error state, with any queued writes discarded.


Closes the associated writable stream.


Releases the writer's lock on the corresponding stream. After the lock is released, the writer is no longer active. If the associated stream is errored when the lock is released, the writer will appear errored in the same way from now on; otherwise, the writer will appear closed.


Writes a passed chunk of data to a WritableStream and its underlying sink, then returns a Promise that resolves to indicate the success or failure of the write operation.


The following example shows the creation of a WritableStream with a custom sink and an API-supplied queuing strategy. It then calls a function called sendMessage(), passing the newly created stream and a string. Inside this function it calls the stream's getWriter() method, which returns an instance of WritableStreamDefaultWriter. A forEach() call is used to write each chunk of the string to the stream. Finally, write() and close() return promises that are processed to deal with success or failure of chunks and streams.

const list = document.querySelector("ul");

async function sendMessage(message, writableStream) {
  // defaultWriter is of type WritableStreamDefaultWriter
  const defaultWriter = writableStream.getWriter();
  const encoder = new TextEncoder();
  const encoded = encoder.encode(message);

  try {
    for (const chunk of encoded) {
      await defaultWriter.ready;
      await defaultWriter.write(chunk);
      console.log("Chunk written to sink.");
    // Call ready again to ensure that all chunks are written
    // before closing the writer.
    await defaultWriter.ready;
    await defaultWriter.close();
    console.log("All chunks written");
  } catch (err) {
    console.log("Error:", err);

const decoder = new TextDecoder("utf-8");
const queuingStrategy = new CountQueuingStrategy({ highWaterMark: 1 });
let result = "";
const writableStream = new WritableStream(
    // Implement the sink
    write(chunk) {
      return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        const buffer = new ArrayBuffer(1);
        const view = new Uint8Array(buffer);
        view[0] = chunk;
        const decoded = decoder.decode(view, { stream: true });
        const listItem = document.createElement("li");
        listItem.textContent = `Chunk decoded: ${decoded}`;
        result += decoded;
    close() {
      const listItem = document.createElement("li");
      listItem.textContent = `[MESSAGE RECEIVED] ${result}`;
    abort(err) {
      console.log("Sink error:", err);

sendMessage("Hello, world.", writableStream);

You can find the full code in our Simple writer example.


Streams Standard
# default-writer-class

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser