This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The setActionHandler() property of the MediaSession interface sets an event handler for a media session action.


navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler(type, callback)


A string representing an action type to listen for. It will be one of play, pause, seekbackward, seekforward, previoustrack, or nexttrack.
Indicates the function to call when the specified action type is invoked. This is a void function, with no parameters.




The following example creates a new media session and assigns action handlers to it:

if ('mediaSession' in navigator){
  navigator.mediaSession.metadata = new MediaMetadata({
    title: "Podcast Episode Title",
    artist: "Podcast Host",
    album: "Podcast Name",
    artwork: [{src: "podcast.jpg"}]
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('play', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('pause', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekbackward', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekforward', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('previoustrack', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('nexttrack', function() {});

This example uses appropriate action handlers to allow seeking in either direction through the playing media.

let skipTime = 10 // Time to skip in seconds

navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekbackward', evt => {
  // User clicked "Seek Backward" media notification icon.
  audio.currentTime = Math.max(audio.currentTime - skipTime, 0)

navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekforward', evt => {
  // User clicked "Seek Forward" media notification icon.
  audio.currentTime = Math.min(audio.currentTime + skipTime,    


Specification Status Comment
Media Session Standard
The definition of 'setActionHandler()' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition.

Browser Compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support No ? ? ? No ?
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support No57 ? ? No ? ?

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, jpmedley, david_ross
Last updated by: fscholz,