MediaSession.setActionHandler

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The setActionHandler() property of the MediaSession interface sets an event handler for a media session action.

Syntax

navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler(type, callback)

Parameters

type
A string representing an action type to listen for. It will be one of play, pause, seekbackward, seekforward, previoustrack, or nexttrack.
callback
Indicates the function to call when the specified action type is invoked. This is a void function, with no parameters.

Returns

void

Examples

The following example creates a new media session and assigns action handlers to it:

if ('mediaSession' in navigator){
  navigator.mediaSession.metadata = new MediaMetadata({
    title: "Podcast Episode Title",
    artist: "Podcast Host",
    album: "Podcast Name",
    artwork: [{src: "podcast.jpg"}]
  });
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('play', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('pause', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekbackward', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekforward', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('previoustrack', function() {});
  navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('nexttrack', function() {});
}

This example uses appropriate action handlers to allow seeking in either direction through the playing media.

let skipTime = 10 // Time to skip in seconds

navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekbackward', evt => {
  // User clicked "Seek Backward" media notification icon.
  audio.currentTime = Math.max(audio.currentTime - skipTime, 0)
})

navigator.mediaSession.setActionHandler('seekforward', evt => {
  // User clicked "Seek Forward" media notification icon.
  audio.currentTime = Math.min(audio.currentTime + skipTime,    
                               audio.duration)
})

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Session Standard
The definition of 'setActionHandler()' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition.

Browser Compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support
ExperimentalNon-standard
Chrome No support NoEdge ? Firefox ? IE ? Opera No support NoSafari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android ? Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, jpmedley, david_ross
Last updated by: fscholz,