IntersectionObserver: rootMargin property

Baseline Widely available

This feature is well established and works across many devices and browser versions. It’s been available across browsers since March 2019.

The IntersectionObserver interface's read-only rootMargin property is a string with syntax similar to that of the CSS margin property. Each side of the rectangle represented by rootMargin is added to the corresponding side in the root element's bounding box before the intersection test is performed. This lets you, for example, adjust the bounds outward so that the target element is considered 100% visible even if a certain number of pixels worth of width or height is clipped away, or treat the target as partially hidden if an edge is too close to the edge of the root's bounding box.

See how intersections are calculated for a more in-depth look at the root margin and how it works with the root's bounding box.


A string, formatted similarly to the CSS margin property's value, which contains offsets for one or more sides of the root's bounding box. These offsets are added to the corresponding values in the root's bounding box before the intersection between the resulting rectangle and the target element's bounds.

The string returned by this property may not match the one specified when the IntersectionObserver was instantiated. The browser is permitted to alter the values

If rootMargin isn't specified when the object was instantiated, it defaults to the string "0px 0px 0px 0px", meaning that the intersection will be computed between the root element's unmodified bounds rectangle and the target's bounds. How intersections are calculated describes how the rootMargin is used in more detail.


Intersection Observer
# dom-intersectionobserver-rootmargin

Browser compatibility

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