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This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.

The IntersectionObserver() constructor creates and returns a new IntersectionObserver object. The rootMargin, if specified, is checked to ensure it's syntactically correct, the thresholds are checked to ensure that they're all in the range 0.0 and 1.0 inclusive, and the threshold list is sorted in ascending numeric order. if the threshold list is empty, it's set to the array [0.0].


var observer = new IntersectionObserver(callback[, options]);


A function which is called when the percentage of the target element is visible crosses a threshold. The callback receives as input two parameters:
A list of IntersectionObserverEntry objects, each representing one threshold which was crossed, either becoming more or less visible than the percentage specified by that threshold.
The IntersectionObserver for which the callback is being invoked.
options Optional
An optional object which customizes the observer. If options isn't specified, the observer uses the document's viewport as the root, with no margin, and a 0% threshold (meaning that even a one-pixel change is enough to trigger a callback). You can provide any combination of the following options:
An Element object which is an ancestor of the intended target, whose bounding rectangle will be considered the viewport. Any part of the target not visible in the visible area of the root is not considered visible.
A string which specifies a set of offsets to add to the root's bounding_box when calculating intersections, effectively shrinking or growing the root for calculation purposes. The syntax is approximately the same as that for the CSS margin property; see "The root element and root margin" in Intersection Observer API for more information on how the margin works and the syntax. The default is "0px 0px 0px 0px".
Either a single number or an array of numbers between 0.0 and 1.0, specifying a ratio of intersection area to total bounding box area for the observed target. A value of 0.0 means that even a single visible pixel counts as the target being visible. 1.0 means that the entire target element is visible. See "Thresholds" in Intersection Observer API for a more in-depth description of how thresholds are used. The default is a threshold of 0.0.

Return value

A new IntersectionObserver which can be used to watch for the visibility of a target element within the specified root crossing through any of the specified visibility thresholds. Call its observe() method to begin watching for the visibility changes on a given target.


The specified rootMargin is invalid.
One or more of the values in threshold is outside the range 0.0 to 1.0.


Specification Status Comment
Intersection Observer
The definition of 'IntersectionObserver constructor' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeFirefoxEdgeInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support51

53 — 551


FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support5151(Yes)?(No)??

1. From version 53 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.IntersectionObserver.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: fscholz, UsainBloot, Sheppy, bunnybooboo, Sebastianz, jpmedley
 Last updated by: fscholz,