IntersectionObserver.IntersectionObserver()

This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.

The IntersectionObserver() constructor creates and returns a new IntersectionObserver object. The rootMargin, if specified, is checked to ensure it's syntactically correct, the thresholds are checked to ensure that they're all in the range 0.0 and 1.0 inclusive, and the threshold list is sorted in ascending numeric order. if the threshold list is empty, it's set to the array [0.0].

Syntax

var observer = new IntersectionObserver(callback[, options]);

Parameters

callback
A function which is called when the percentage of the target element is visible crosses a threshold. The callback receives as input two parameters:
entries
A list of IntersectionObserverEntry objects, each representing one threshold which was crossed, either becoming more or less visible than the percentage specified by that threshold.
observer
The IntersectionObserver for which the callback is being invoked.
options Optional
An optional object which customizes the observer. If options isn't specified, the observer uses the document's viewport as the root, with no margin, and a 0% threshold (meaning that even a one-pixel change is enough to trigger a callback). You can provide any combination of the following options:
root
An Element object which is an ancestor of the intended target, whose bounding rectangle will be considered the viewport. Any part of the target not visible in the visible area of the root is not considered visible.
rootMargin
A string which specifies a set of offsets to add to the root's bounding_box when calculating intersections, effectively shrinking or growing the root for calculation purposes. The syntax is approximately the same as that for the CSS margin property; see "The root element and root margin" in Intersection Observer API for more information on how the margin works and the syntax. The default is "0px 0px 0px 0px".
threshold
Either a single number or an array of numbers between 0.0 and 1.0, specifying a ratio of intersection area to total bounding box area for the observed target. A value of 0.0 means that even a single visible pixel counts as the target being visible. 1.0 means that the entire target element is visible. See "Thresholds" in Intersection Observer API for a more in-depth description of how thresholds are used. The default is a threshold of 0.0.

Return value

A new IntersectionObserver which can be used to watch for the visibility of a target element within the specified root crossing through any of the specified visibility thresholds. Call its observe() method to begin watching for the visibility changes on a given target.

Exceptions

SyntaxError
The specified rootMargin is invalid.
RangeError
One or more of the values in threshold is outside the range 0.0 to 1.0.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Intersection Observer
The definition of 'IntersectionObserver constructor' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 51.0 No support[1] 55 (55)[2] No support ? ?
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support No support 51.0 55.0 (55)[2] No support No support ? ? 51.0

[1] This feature is available since the Windows Insider Preview Build 14986.

[2] This feature has been implemented since Gecko 53.0 (Firefox 53.0 / Thunderbird 53.0 / SeaMonkey 2.50) behind the preference dom.IntersectionObserver.enabled, which was false by default. Enabled by default beginning in Firefox 55. See bug 1243846.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: Sheppy, bunnybooboo, Sebastianz, jpmedley
 Last updated by: Sheppy,