API de WebRTC

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WebRTC (Web real-time communications o comunicaciones web en tiempo real) es una tecnología que permite a aplicaciones y sitios web capturar y opcionalmente retransmitir audio/vídeo, así como intercambiar datos arbitrarios entre navegadores sin necesidad de un intermediario. El conjunto de estándares que comprende WebRTC hace posible compartir datos y realizar teleconferencias de igual-a-igual (peer-to-peer), sin requerir que el usuario instale complementos (plug-ins) o cualquier otro software de terceros.

WebRTC consta de varias API y protocolos interrelacionados que trabajan juntos para lograr esto. La documentación que encontrará aquí le ayudará a entender los fundamentos de WebRTC, cómo configurarlo y usar tanto datos como conexiones de medios, etc.

Referencia

Guías

WebRTC architecture overview
Beneath the APIs that developers use to create and use WebRTC connections lie a number of network protocols and connectivity standards. This brief overview covers these standards.
WebRTC basics
This article takes you through the creation of a cross-browser RTC App. By the end of it, you should have working peer-to-peer data channel and media channel.
WebRTC protocols
This article introduces the protocols on top of which the WebRTC API is built.
WebRTC connectivity
This article describes how the varous WebRTC-related protocols interact with one another in order to create a connection and transfer data and/or media among peers.
WebRTC API overview
WebRTC consists of several interrelated APIs and protocols which work together to support the exchange of data and media between two or more peers. This article provides a brief overview of each of these APIs and what purpose it serves.
Lifetime of a WebRTC session
WebRTC lets you build peer-to-peer communication of arbitrary data, audio, or video—or any combination thereof—into a browser application. In this article, we'll look at the lifetime of a WebRTC session, from establishing the connection all the way through closing the connection when it's no longer needed.

Tutoriales

Improving compatibility using WebRTC adapter.js
The WebRTC organization provides on GitHub the WebRTC adapter to work around compatibility issues in different browsers' WebRTC implementations. The adapter is a JavaScript shim which lets your code to be written to the specification so that it will "just work" in all browsers with WebRTC support.
Taking still photos with WebRTC
This article shows how to use WebRTC to access the camera on a computer or mobile phone with WebRTC support and take a photo with it.
A simple RTCDataChannel sample
The RTCDataChannel interface is a feature which lets you open a channel between two peers over which you may send and receive arbitrary data. The API is intentionally similar to the WebSocket API, so that the same programming model can be used for each.

Protocolos

WebRTC-proper protocols

Especificaciones

Specification Status Comment
WebRTC 1.0: Real-time Communication Between Browser Working Draft The initial definition of the API of WebRTC.
Media Capture and Streams Candidate Recommendation The initial definition of the object conveying the stream of media content.
Media Capture from DOM Elements Editor's Draft The initial definition on how to obtain stream of content from DOM Elements

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