PerformanceResourceTiming.nextHopProtocol

The nextHopProtocol read-only property is a string representing the network protocol used to fetch the resource, as identified by the ALPN Protocol ID (RFC7301).

When a proxy is used, if a tunnel connection is established, this property returns the ALPN Protocol ID of the tunneled protocol. Otherwise, this property returns the ALPN Protocol ID of the first hop to the proxy.

Value

The nextHopProtocol property can have the following values:

  • A string representing the network protocol used to fetch the resource, as identified by the ALPN Protocol ID (RFC7301). Typical values are:
    • "http/0.9"
    • "http/1.0"
    • "http/1.1"
    • "h2"
    • "h2c"
    • "h3"
  • An empty string if the resource is a cross-origin request and no Timing-Allow-Origin HTTP response header is used.

Examples

Logging resources that use neither HTTP/2 nor HTTP/3

The nextHopProtocol property can be used to see resources that don't use the HTTP/2 or HTTP/3 protocols.

Example using a PerformanceObserver, which notifies of new resource performance entries as they are recorded in the browser's performance timeline:

const observer = new PerformanceObserver((list) => {
  list.getEntries().forEach((entry) => {
    const protocol = entry.nextHopProtocol;
    if (protocol && !(protocol === "h2" || protocol === "h3")) {
      console.log(`${entry.name} uses ${protocol}.`);
    }
  });
});

observer.observe({ type: "resource", buffered: true });

Example using Performance.getEntriesByType(), which only shows resource performance entries present in the browser's performance timeline at the time you call this method:

const resources = performance.getEntriesByType("resource");
resources.forEach((entry) => {
  const protocol = entry.nextHopProtocol;
  if (protocol && !(protocol === "h2" || protocol === "h3")) {
    console.log(`${entry.name} uses ${protocol}.`);
  }
});

Cross-origin network protocol information

If the value of the nextHopProtocol property is an empty string, the resource might be a cross-origin request. To expose cross-origin network protocol information, the Timing-Allow-Origin HTTP response header needs to be set.

For example, to allow https://developer.mozilla.org to see network protocol information, the cross-origin resource should send:

Timing-Allow-Origin: https://developer.mozilla.org

Specifications

Specification
Resource Timing
# dom-performanceresourcetiming-nexthopprotocol

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also