Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

Secure context: This feature is available only in secure contexts (HTTPS), in some or all supporting browsers.

The Keyboard interface of the Keyboard API provides functions that retrieve keyboard layout maps and toggle capturing of key presses from the physical keyboard.

A list of valid code values is found in the UI Events KeyboardEvent code Values spec.

EventTarget Keyboard

Instance properties

Also inherits properties from its parent interface, EventTarget.

Instance methods

Also inherits methods from its parent interface, EventTarget.

Keyboard.getLayoutMap() Experimental

Returns a Promise that resolves with an instance of KeyboardLayoutMap which is a map-like object with functions for retrieving the strings associated with specific physical keys.

Keyboard.lock() Experimental

Returns a Promise after enabling the capture of keypresses for any or all of the keys on the physical keyboard.

Keyboard.unlock() Experimental

Unlocks all keys captured by the lock() method and returns synchronously.


Keyboard mapping

The following example demonstrates how to get the location- or layout-specific string associated with the key that corresponds to the 'W' key on an English QWERTY keyboard.

if (navigator.keyboard) {
  const keyboard = navigator.keyboard;
  keyboard.getLayoutMap().then((keyboardLayoutMap) => {
    const upKey = keyboardLayoutMap.get("KeyW");
    window.alert(`Press ${upKey} to move up.`);
} else {
  // Do something else.

Keyboard locking

The following example captures the W, A, S, and D keys, call lock() with a list that contains the key code attribute value for each of these keys:

navigator.keyboard.lock(["KeyW", "KeyA", "KeyS", "KeyD"]);

This captures these keys regardless of which modifiers are used with the key press. Assuming a standard United States QWERTY layout, registering KeyW ensures that W, Shift+W, Control+W, Control+Shift+W, and all other key modifier combinations with W are sent to the app. The same applies to for KeyA, KeyS, and KeyD.


Keyboard Map
# keyboard-interface
Keyboard Lock
# keyboard-interface

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser