DataTransfer.types

The DataTransfer.types read-only property returns an array of the drag data formats (as strings) that were set in the dragstart event. The order of the formats is the same order as the data included in the drag operation.

The formats are Unicode strings giving the type or format of the data, generally given by a MIME type. Some values that are not MIME types are special-cased for legacy reasons (for example "text"). 

Syntax

dataTransfer.types;

Return value

An array of the data formats used in the drag operation. Each format is string. If the drag operation included no data, this list will be empty. If any files are included in the drag operation, then one of the types will be the string Files

Example

This example shows the use of the types and items properties.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang=en>
<title>Examples of DataTransfer.{types,items} properties</title>
<meta content="width=device-width">
<style>
  div {
    margin: 0em;
    padding: 2em;
  }
  #target {
    border: 1px solid black;
  }
</style>
<script>
function dragstart_handler(ev) {
 console.log("dragStart: target.id = " + ev.target.id);
 // Add this element's id to the drag payload so the drop handler will
 // know which element to add to its tree
 ev.dataTransfer.setData("text/plain", ev.target.id);
 ev.dataTransfer.effectAllowed = "move";
}

function drop_handler(ev) {
 console.log("drop: target.id = " + ev.target.id);
 ev.preventDefault();
 // Get the id of the target and add the moved element to the target's DOM
 var data = ev.dataTransfer.getData("text");
 ev.target.appendChild(document.getElementById(data));
 // Print each format type
 if (ev.dataTransfer.types != null) {
   for (var i=0; i < ev.dataTransfer.types.length; i++) {
     console.log("... types[" + i + "] = " + ev.dataTransfer.types[i]);
   }
 }
 // Print each item's "kind" and "type"
 if (ev.dataTransfer.items != null) {
   for (var i=0; i < ev.dataTransfer.items.length; i++) {
     console.log("... items[" + i + "].kind = " + ev.dataTransfer.items[i].kind + " ; type = " + ev.dataTransfer.items[i].type);
   }
 }
}

function dragover_handler(ev) {
 console.log("dragOver");
 ev.preventDefault();
 // Set the dropEffect to move
 ev.dataTransfer.dropEffect = "move"
}
</script>
<body>
<h1>Examples of <code>DataTransfer</code>.{<code>types</code>, <code>items</code>} properties</h1>
 <ul>
   <li id="i1" ondragstart="dragstart_handler(event);" draggable="true">Drag Item 1 to the Drop Zone</li>
   <li id="i2" ondragstart="dragstart_handler(event);" draggable="true">Drag Item 2 to the Drop Zone</li>
 </ul>
 <div id="target" ondrop="drop_handler(event);" ondragover="dragover_handler(event);">Drop Zone</div>
</body>
</html>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'types' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML 5.1
The definition of 'types' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes ? Yes ? ? ?
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes ? Yes ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,