WebAssemblyJavaScript 对象是所有 WebAssembly 相关功能的命名空间。

和大多数全局对象不一样,WebAssembly不是一个构造函数(它不是一个函数对象)。它类似于 Math 对象或者 Intl 对象,Math 对象也是一个命名空间对象,用于保存数学常量和函数;Intl则是用于国际化和其他语言相关函数的命名空间对象。

描述

WebAssembly对象主要用于:

方法

WebAssembly.instantiate()
用于编译和实例化 WebAssembly 代码的主 API,返回一个 Module 和它的第一个实例。
WebAssembly.instantiateStreaming()
直接从流式底层源编译和实例化WebAssembly模块,同时返回Module及其第一个实例。
WebAssembly.compile()
把 WebAssembly 二进制代码编译为一个 WebAssembly.Module ,不进行实例化。
WebAssembly.compileStreaming()
直接从流式底层源代码编译WebAssembly.Module ,将实例化作为一个单独的步骤。
WebAssembly.validate()
校验 WebAssembly 二进制代码的类型数组是否合法,合法则返回 true ,否则返回 false 。

构造器

WebAssembly.Module()
创建一个新的WebAssembly模块对象。
WebAssembly.Instance()
创建一个新的WebAssembly实例对象。
WebAssembly.Memory()
创建一个新的WebAssembly内存对象。
WebAssembly.Table()
创建一个新的WebAssembly表格对象。
WebAssembly.CompileError()
创建一个新的WebAssembly编译错误对象。
WebAssembly.LinkError()
创建一个新的WebAssembly链接错误对象。
WebAssembly.RuntimeError()
创建一个新的WebAssembly运行时错误对象。

示例

通过fetch方法获取了WebAssembly字节码后,我们通过WebAssembly.instantiate()方法对模块进行编译和实例化,在这过程中将一个JavaScript 函数导入WebAssembly模块。这个promise实例解析成一个对象(result),result包含编译了的ModuleInstance对象。接下来我们调用一个Instance导出的WebAssembly方法

var importObject = {
  imports: {
    imported_func: function(arg) {
      console.log(arg);
    }
  }
};

fetch('simple.wasm').then(response =>
  response.arrayBuffer()
).then(bytes =>
  WebAssembly.instantiate(bytes, importObject)
).then(result =>
  result.instance.exports.exported_func()
);

注意:有关使用了我们 fetchAndInstantiate() 库函数的示例,请查看Github上的 index.html  (或者查看在线示例)  。

规范

Specification Status Comment
WebAssembly JavaScript Interface
WebAssembly
Working Draft 初始草案定义

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
CompileErrorChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
GlobalChrome Full support 69Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 62IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android Full support 69Chrome Android Full support 69Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 62Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
InstanceChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
LinkErrorChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
MemoryChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
ModuleChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
RuntimeErrorChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
TableChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
compileChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android Full support 44Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
compileStreamingChrome Full support 61Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 58IE No support NoOpera Full support 47Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 61Chrome Android Full support 61Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 58Opera Android ? Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
instantiateChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0
instantiateStreamingChrome Full support 61Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 58IE No support NoOpera Full support 47Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 61Chrome Android Full support 61Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 58Opera Android ? Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
validateChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 11WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Disabled
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Experimental JavaScript Features preference.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes Disabled in the Firefox 52 Extended Support Release (ESR).
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support 11Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0nodejs Full support 8.0.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

参见

文档标签和贡献者

标签: 
此页面的贡献者: Chesn, Gaohaoyang, zhangchen, chyingp, JianrongYu
最后编辑者: Chesn,