PaintWorklet

Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The PaintWorklet interface of the CSS Painting API programmatically generates an image where a CSS property expects a file. Access this interface through CSS.paintWorklet.

Privacy concerns

To avoid leaking visited links, this feature is currently disabled in Chrome-based browsers for <a> elements with an href attribute, and for children of such elements. For details, see the following:

Properties

PaintWorklet.devicePixelRatio

Returns the current device's ratio of physical pixels to logical pixels.

Event handlers

None.

Methods

This interface inherits methods from Worklet.

PaintWorklet.registerPaint()

Registers a class programmatically generate an image where a CSS property expects a file.

CSS.PaintWorklet.addModule()

The addModule() method, inhertied from the Worklet interface loads the module in the given JavaScript file and adds it to the current PaintWorklet.

Examples

The following three examples go together to show creating, loading, and using a PaintWorklet.

Create a PaintWorklet

The following shows an example worklet module. This should be in a separate js file. Note that registerPaint() is called without a reference to PaintWorklet.

class CheckerboardPainter {
  paint(ctx, geom, properties) {
    // Use `ctx` as if it was a normal canvas
    const colors = ['red', 'green', 'blue'];
    const size = 32;
    for(let y = 0; y < geom.height/size; y++) {
      for(let x = 0; x < geom.width/size; x++) {
        const color = colors[(x + y) % colors.length];
        ctx.beginPath();
        ctx.fillStyle = color;
        ctx.rect(x * size, y * size, size, size);
        ctx.fill();
      }
    }
  }
}

// Register our class under a specific name
registerPaint('checkerboard', CheckerboardPainter);

Load a PaintWorklet

The following example demonstrates loading the above worklet from its js file and does so by feature detection.

<script>
  if ('paintWorklet' in CSS) {
    CSS.paintWorklet.addModule('checkerboard.js');
  }
</script>

Use a PaintWorklet

This example shows how to use a PaintWorklet in a stylesheet, including the simplest way to provide a fallback if PaintWorklet isn't supported.

<style>
  textarea {
    background-image: url(checkerboard);
    background-image: paint(checkerboard);
  }
</style>
<textarea></textarea>

You can also use the @supports at-rule.

@supports (background: paint(id)) {
  background-image: paint(checkerboard);
}

Specifications

Specification
CSS Painting API Level 1 (CSS Painting API 1)
# paintworkletglobalscope

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also