Large-Allocation

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非标准的Large-Allocation 响应头部是用来告诉浏览器加载该页面可能需要申请大内存. 当前只有Firefox实现改特性,但是对其他浏览器也无损害。

WebAssembly 或者 asm.js会使用比较大的连续内存空间。例如, 对于一些复杂的游戏, 其申请的空间将会非常大,甚至会达到1GB。Large-Allocation 告诉浏览器其将要加载的页面可能需要申请一个大的连续内存空间,浏览器依据该头部可能会单独启动一个专有的进程用于处理改页面。

Header type Response header
Forbidden header name no

Syntax

Large-Allocation: 0
Large-Allocation: <megabytes>

Directives

0
0 is a special value which represents uncertainty as to what the size of the allocation is.
<megabytes>
预期需要申请的内存大小,以M为单位
 

Examples

Large-Allocation: 0
Large-Allocation: 500

Troubleshooting errors

The Large-Allocation header throws warnings or error messages when used incorrectly. You'll encounter them in the web console.

This page was loaded in a new process due to a Large-Allocation header.
This message means that the browser saw the Large-Allocation header, and was able to reload the page into a new process which should have more available contiguous memory.
A Large-Allocation header was ignored due to the load being triggered by a non-GET request.
When a POST request is used to load a document, that load cannot currently be redirected into a new process. This error is displayed when loading a document with a Large-Allocation header with a non-GET HTTP method. This could be caused due to the document being loaded by a form submission, for example.
A Large-Allocation header was ignored due to the presence of windows which have a reference to this browsing context through the frame hierarchy or window.opener.

This error means that the document was not loaded at the top level of an user-opened or noopener-opened tab or window. It can occur in these situations:

  • The document with the Large-Allocation header was loaded in an <iframe>. Firefox cannot move an iframe into a new process currently, so the document must load in the current process.
  • The document with the Large-Allocation header was loaded in a window which was opened by window.open(), <a target="_blank"> or other similar methods without rel="noopener" or the "noopener" feature being set. These windows must remain in the same process as their opener, as they can communicate, meaning that we cannot allow them to switch processes.
  • The document with the Large-Allocation header has opened another window with window.open(), <a target="_blank"> or other similar methods without rel="noopener" or the "noopener" feature being set. This is for the same reason as above, namely that they can communicate and thus we cannot allow them to switch processes.
A Large-Allocation header was ignored due to the document not being loaded out of process.
Firefox has moved to a multiprocess architecture, and this architecture is required in order to support the Large-Allocation header. Some legacy Addons can prevent Firefox from using this new, faster, multiprocess architecture. If you have one of these Addons installed, then we will continue to use the old single process architecuture for compatibility, and cannot handle the Large-Allocation header.
This page would be loaded in a new process due to a Large-Allocation header, however Large-Allocation process creation is disabled on non-Win32 platforms.
Firefox currently only supports the Large-Allocation header in our 32-bit Windows builds, as memory fragmentation is not an issue in 64-bit builds. If you are running a non-win32 version of Firefox, this error will appear. This check can be disabled with the "dom.largeAllocation.

forceEnable" boolean preferece in about:config.

Specifications

Not part of any current specifications. An explainer of the ideas behind this header can be found in this document.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic SupportNoNo53NoNoNo
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic SupportNoNoNoNoNoNoNo

See also

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