MediaSource.endOfStream()

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这是一个实验中的功能
此功能某些浏览器尚在开发中,请参考浏览器兼容性表格以得到在不同浏览器中适合使用的前缀。由于该功能对应的标准文档可能被重新修订,所以在未来版本的浏览器中该功能的语法和行为可能随之改变。

MediaSource 接口的 endOfStream() 方法意味着流的结束。

语法

mediaSource.endOfStream(endOfStreamError);

参数

endOfStreamError 可选
一个 DOMString,表示当流结束之时需要抛出的异常名。可选的值为:
  • network: Terminates playback and signals that a network error has occured. This can be used create a custom error handler related to media streams. For example, you might have a function that handles media chunk requests, separate from other network requests. When you make an XMLHttpRequest call for a media chunk, and onabort or onerror triggers, you might want to call endOfStream('network'), display a descriptive message in the UI, and maybe retry the network request immediately or wait until the network is back up (via some kind of polling.)
  • decode: Terminates playback and signals that a decoding error has occured. This can be used to indicate that a parsing error has occured while fetching media data; maybe the data is corrupt, or is encoded using a codec that the browser doesn't know how to decode.

返回值

无。

错误

修改此属性值的时候,以下异常可能会被触发。

错误 解释
InvalidStateError MediaSource.readyState is not equal to open, or one or more of the SourceBuffer objects in MediaSource.sourceBuffers are being updated (i.e. their SourceBuffer.updating property is true.)

示例

下面的代码段来自于 Nick Desaulniers 的一个简单的例子。(查看完整示例,或者下载源代码以供学习。)

var assetURL = 'frag_bunny.mp4';
// Need to be specific for Blink regarding codecs
// ./mp4info frag_bunny.mp4 | grep Codec
var mimeCodec = 'video/mp4; codecs="avc1.42E01E, mp4a.40.2"';

if ('MediaSource' in window && MediaSource.isTypeSupported(mimeCodec)) {
  var mediaSource = new MediaSource;
  //console.log(mediaSource.readyState); // closed
  video.src = URL.createObjectURL(mediaSource);
  mediaSource.addEventListener('sourceopen', sourceOpen);
} else {
  console.error('Unsupported MIME type or codec: ', mimeCodec);
}

function sourceOpen (_) {
  //console.log(this.readyState); // open
  var mediaSource = this;
  var sourceBuffer = mediaSource.addSourceBuffer(mimeCodec);
  fetchAB(assetURL, function (buf) {
    sourceBuffer.addEventListener('updateend', function (_) {
      mediaSource.endOfStream();
      video.play();
      //console.log(mediaSource.readyState); // ended
    });
    sourceBuffer.appendBuffer(buf);
  });
};

规范

Specification Status Comment
Media Source Extensions
endOfStream()
Recommendation Initial definition.

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic support
Experimental
Chrome Full support 31
Full support 31
No support 23 — 31
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 42
Full support 42
No support 25 — 42
Notes Disabled
Notes Limited support to a whitelist of sites, for example YouTube, Netflix, and other popular streaming sites. The whitelist was removed when Media Source Extensions was enabled by default in Firefox 42.
Disabled From version 25 until version 42 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.mediasource.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 11
Notes
Full support 11
Notes
Notes Only works on Windows 8+.
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 41Opera Android Full support 30Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

参见

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