이 문서는 아직 자원 봉사자들이 한국어로 번역하지 않았습니다. 참여해서 번역을 마치도록 도와 주세요!
English (US)의 문서도 읽어보세요.

The codePointAt() method returns a non-negative integer that is the Unicode code point value.

Syntax

str.codePointAt(pos)

Parameters

pos
Position of an element in the String to return the code point value from.

Return value

A number representing the code point value of the character at the given index; undefined if there is no element at pos.

Description

If there is no element at the specified position, undefined is returned. If no UTF-16 surrogate pair begins at pos, the code unit at pos is returned.

Examples

Using codePointAt()

'ABC'.codePointAt(1);          // 66
'\uD800\uDC00'.codePointAt(0); // 65536

'XYZ'.codePointAt(42); // undefined

Polyfill

The following extends Strings to include the codePointAt() function as specified in ECMAScript 2015 for browsers not supporting it natively.

/*! http://mths.be/codepointat v0.1.0 by @mathias */
if (!String.prototype.codePointAt) {
  (function() {
    'use strict'; // needed to support `apply`/`call` with `undefined`/`null`
    var codePointAt = function(position) {
      if (this == null) {
        throw TypeError();
      }
      var string = String(this);
      var size = string.length;
      // `ToInteger`
      var index = position ? Number(position) : 0;
      if (index != index) { // better `isNaN`
        index = 0;
      }
      // Account for out-of-bounds indices:
      if (index < 0 || index >= size) {
        return undefined;
      }
      // Get the first code unit
      var first = string.charCodeAt(index);
      var second;
      if ( // check if it’s the start of a surrogate pair
        first >= 0xD800 && first <= 0xDBFF && // high surrogate
        size > index + 1 // there is a next code unit
      ) {
        second = string.charCodeAt(index + 1);
        if (second >= 0xDC00 && second <= 0xDFFF) { // low surrogate
          // http://mathiasbynens.be/notes/javascript-encoding#surrogate-formulae
          return (first - 0xD800) * 0x400 + second - 0xDC00 + 0x10000;
        }
      }
      return first;
    };
    if (Object.defineProperty) {
      Object.defineProperty(String.prototype, 'codePointAt', {
        'value': codePointAt,
        'configurable': true,
        'writable': true
      });
    } else {
      String.prototype.codePointAt = codePointAt;
    }
  }());
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.codePointAt' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.codePointAt' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support41(Yes)29No2810
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support(Yes)(Yes)(Yes)29No(Yes)10

See also

문서 태그 및 공헌자

 최종 변경: ThomasEugeneBishop,