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search() 메서드는 정규 표현식과  이 String  객체간에 같은 것을 찾기
위한 검색을 실행한다.

구문

str.search(regexp)

매개변수

regexp
정규 표현식 객체.  non-RegExp 객체 obj 가 전달되면,  그것은  new RegExp(obj) 을 이용하여 RegExp 으로 암묵적으로 변환된다.

반환 값

정규표현식과 주어진 스트링간에 첫번째로 매치되는 것의 인덱스를 반환한다.
찾지 못하면 -1 를 반환한다.

설명

When you want to know whether a pattern is found and also its index in a string use search() (if you only want to know if it exists, use the similar test() method on the RegExp prototype, which returns a boolean); for more information (but slower execution) use match() (similar to the regular expression exec() method).

search()를 이용하기

The following example searches a string with 2 different regex objects to show a successful search (positive value) vs. an unsuccessful search (-1)

var str = "hey JudE";
var re = /[A-Z]/g;
var re2 = /[.]/g;
console.log(str.search(re)); // returns 4, which is the index of the first capital letter "J"
console.log(str.search(re2)); // returns -1 cannot find '.' dot punctuation

사양

사양 상태 주석
ECMAScript 3rd Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.2.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.search' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.search' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'String.prototype.search' in that specification.
Draft  

브라우저 호환성

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes
flags
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox No support 1 — 49IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android No support 4 — 49Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.

Gecko-specific notes

  • flags was a non standard second argument only available in Gecko : str.search(regexp, flags)
  • Prior to Gecko 8.0, search() was implemented incorrectly; when it was called with no parameters or with undefined, it would match against the string 'undefined', instead of matching against the empty string. This is fixed; now 'a'.search() and 'a'.search(undefined) correctly return 0.
  • Starting with Gecko 39 (Firefox 39 / Thunderbird 39 / SeaMonkey 2.36), the non-standard flags argument is deprecated and throws a console warning (bug 1142351).
  • Starting with Gecko 47 (Firefox 47 / Thunderbird 47 / SeaMonkey 2.44), the non-standard flags argument is no longer supported in non-release builds and will soon be removed entirely (bug 1245801).
  • Starting with Gecko 49 (Firefox 49 / Thunderbird 49 / SeaMonkey 2.46), the non-standard flags argument is no longer supported (bug 1108382).

See also

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