Idle Detection API

Secure context: This feature is available only in secure contexts (HTTPS), in some or all supporting browsers.

Experimental: This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The Idle Detection API provides a means to detect the user's idle status, active, idle, and locked, specifically, and to be notified of changes to idle status without polling from a script.

Concepts and Usage

Native applications and browser extensions use idle detection base user experiences on when a user is interacting with a device. For example, chat applications can show other users of an application whether someone is available. Other applications might choose to show notifications only when a user is interacting with the app. A web application could use this API for similar use cases. Additionally, a progressive web app could use idle detection to trigger a service worker update when the app isn't being used.

Interfaces

IdleDetector Experimental

Provides methods and events for detecting user activity on a device or screen.

Examples

The following example shows creating a detector and logging changes to the user's idle state. A button is used to get the necessary user activation before requesting permission.

const controller = new AbortController();
const signal = controller.signal;

startButton.addEventListener('click', async () => {
  if (await IdleDetector.requestPermission() !== "granted") {
    console.error("Idle detection permission denied.");
    return;
  }

  try {
    const idleDetector = new IdleDetector();
    idleDetector.addEventListener('change', () => {
      const userState = idleDetector.userState;
      const screenState = idleDetector.screenState;
      console.log(`Idle change: ${userState}, ${screenState}.`);
    });

    await idleDetector.start({
      threshold: 60_000,
      signal,
    });
    console.log('IdleDetector is active.');
  } catch (err) {
    // Deal with initialization errors like permission denied,
    // running outside of top-level frame, etc.
    console.error(err.name, err.message);
  }
});

stopButton.addEventListener('click', () => {
  controller.abort();
  console.log('IdleDetector is stopped.');
});

Specifications

Specification
Idle Detection API
# api-idledetector

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser