Broadcast Channel API
Note: This feature is available in Web Workers
By creating a
BroadcastChannel object, you can receive any messages that are posted to it. You don't have to maintain a reference to the frames or workers you wish to communicate with: they can "subscribe" to a particular channel by constructing their own
BroadcastChannel with the same name, and have bi-directional communication between all of them.
A client joins a broadcast channel by creating a
BroadcastChannel object. Its constructor takes one single parameter: the name of the channel. If it is the first to connect to that broadcast channel name, the underlying channel is created.
// Connection to a broadcast channel const bc = new BroadcastChannel("test_channel");
It is enough to call the
postMessage() method on the created
BroadcastChannel object, which takes any object as an argument. An example string message:
// Example of sending of a very simple message bc.postMessage("This is a test message.");
Data sent to the channel is serialized using the structured clone algorithm. That means you can send a broad variety of data objects safely without having to serialize them yourself.
The API doesn't associate any semantics to messages, so it is up to the code to know what kind of messages to expect and what to do with them.
To leave a channel, call the
close() method on the object. This disconnects the object from the underlying channel, allowing garbage collection.
// Disconnect the channel bc.close();
The Broadcast Channel API's self-contained interface allows cross-context communication. It can be used to detect user actions in other tabs within a same origin, like when the user logs in or out.
The messaging protocol is not defined and the different browsing contexts need to implement it themselves; there is no negotiation nor requirement from the specification.
|HTML Standard |
BCD tables only load in the browser
BroadcastChannel, the interface implementing it.