SpeechSynthesis.getVoices()

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The getVoices() method of the SpeechSynthesis interface returns a list of SpeechSynthesisVoice objects representing all the available voices on the current device.

Syntax

speechSynthesisInstance.getVoices();

参数

None.

返回值

返回一个类型为SpeechSynthesisVoice 的数组(array)列表(list)。

Note: 使用此方法会返回存在错误规范的SpeechSynthesisVoiceList 对象, 可能已被从现有规范中移除。

示例

JavaScript

function populateVoiceList() {
  if(typeof speechSynthesis === 'undefined') {
    return;
  }

  voices = speechSynthesis.getVoices();

  for(i = 0; i < voices.length ; i++) {
    var option = document.createElement('option');
    option.textContent = voices[i].name + ' (' + voices[i].lang + ')';
    
    if(voices[i].default) {
      option.textContent += ' -- DEFAULT';
    }

    option.setAttribute('data-lang', voices[i].lang);
    option.setAttribute('data-name', voices[i].name);
    document.getElementById("voiceSelect").appendChild(option);
  }
}

populateVoiceList();
if (typeof speechSynthesis !== 'undefined' && speechSynthesis.onvoiceschanged !== undefined) {
  speechSynthesis.onvoiceschanged = populateVoiceList;
}

HTML

<select id="voiceSelect"></select>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Speech API
getVoices()
Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
getVoices
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support 14Firefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

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