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cache 作为Request 接口只读属性包含着请求的缓存模式。它控制着请求以何种方式与浏览器的  HTTP 缓存进行交互。


var currentCacheMode = request.cache;


A RequestCache value. The available values are:

  • default — 浏览器从HTTP缓存中寻找匹配的请求。
    • 如果缓存匹配上并且有效( fresh), 它将直接从缓存中返回资源。
    • 如果缓存匹配上但已经过期 ,浏览器将会使用传统( conditional request )的请求方式去访问远程服务器 。如果服务器端显示资源没有改动,它将从缓存中返回资源。否则,如果服务器显示资源变动,那么重新从服务器下载资源更新缓存。
    • 如果缓存没有匹配,浏览器将会以普通方式请求,并且更新已经下载的资源缓存。
  • no-store — 浏览器直接从远程服务器获取资源,不查看缓存,并且不会使用下载的资源更新缓存。
  • reload — 浏览器直接从远程服务器获取资源,不查看缓存,然后使用下载的资源更新缓存。
  • no-cache — 浏览器在其HTTP缓存中寻找匹配的请求。
    • 如果有匹配,无论是新的还是陈旧的,浏览器都会向远程服务器发出条件请求。如果服务器指示资源没有更改,则将从缓存中返回该资源。否则,将从服务器下载资源并更新缓存。
    • 如果没有匹配,浏览器将发出正常请求,并使用下载的资源更新缓存。
    force-cache — 浏览器在其HTTP缓存中寻找匹配的请求。
    • 如果有匹配项,不管是新匹配项还是旧匹配项,都将从缓存中返回。
    • 如果没有匹配,浏览器将发出正常请求,并使用下载的资源更新缓存。
  • only-if-cached — 浏览器在其HTTP缓存中寻找匹配的请求。
    • 如果有匹配项(新的或旧的),则从缓存中返回。
    • 如果没有匹配,浏览器将返回一个错误。
    The "only-if-cached" mode can only be used if the request's mode is "same-origin". Cached redirects will be followed if the request's redirect property is "follow" and the redirects do not violate the "same-origin" mode.


// Download a resource with cache busting, to bypass the cache
// completely.
fetch("some.json", {cache: "no-store"})
  .then(function(response) { /* consume the response */ });

// Download a resource with cache busting, but update the HTTP
// cache with the downloaded resource.
fetch("some.json", {cache: "reload"})
  .then(function(response) { /* consume the response */ });

// Download a resource with cache busting when dealing with a
// properly configured server that will send the correct ETag
// and Date headers and properly handle If-Modified-Since and
// If-None-Match request headers, therefore we can rely on the
// validation to guarantee a fresh response.
fetch("some.json", {cache: "no-cache"})
  .then(function(response) { /* consume the response */ });

// Download a resource with economics in mind!  Prefer a cached
// albeit stale response to conserve as much bandwidth as possible.
fetch("some.json", {cache: "force-cache"})
  .then(function(response) { /* consume the response */ });


Specification Status Comment
Living Standard Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Chrome Full support 64Edge Full support 14Firefox Full support 48IE No support NoOpera Full support 51Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 64Chrome Android Full support 64Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android Full support 47Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android Full support 9.0
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 50IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No


Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.

See also