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ServiceWorker.onstatechange

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这是一个实验中的功能
此功能某些浏览器尚在开发中,请参考浏览器兼容性表格以得到在不同浏览器中适合使用的前缀。由于该功能对应的标准文档可能被重新修订,所以在未来版本的浏览器中该功能的语法和行为可能随之改变。

一个 EventListener 联动的属性,其会被任何stagechange类型事件抛出时联动; 它也基本上能在任何时候ServiceWorker.state 改变时被抛出.

语法

ServiceWorker.onstatechange = function(statechangeevent) { ... }
ServiceWorker.addEventListener('statechange', function(statechangeevent) { ... } )

示例

这段代码出自 service worker registration-events sample (live demo). 它会监听 ServiceWorker.state 的改变并返回它的值.

var serviceWorker;
if (registration.installing) {
  serviceWorker = registration.installing;
  document.querySelector('#kind').textContent = 'installing';
} else if (registration.waiting) {
  serviceWorker = registration.waiting;
  document.querySelector('#kind').textContent = 'waiting';
} else if (registration.active) {
  serviceWorker = registration.active;
  document.querySelector('#kind').textContent = 'active';
}

if (serviceWorker) {
  logState(serviceWorker.state);
  serviceWorker.addEventListener('statechange', function(e) {
  logState(e.target.state);
  });
}

注意当statechange 抛出时, service worker的引用可能已经改变。例如:

navigator.serviceWorker.register(..).then(function(swr) {
  swr.installing.state == "installing"
  swr.installing.onstatechange = function() {
    swr.installing == null;
    // At this point, swr.waiting OR swr.active might be true. This is because the statechange
    // event gets queued, meanwhile the underlying worker may have gone into the waiting
    // state and will be immediately activated if possible.
  }
})

规范

规范 状态 附注
Service Workers
ServiceWorker.onstatechange
Editor's Draft Initial definition

浏览器兼容性

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 40.0 44.0 (44.0)[1] 未实现 24 未实现
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support 未实现 未实现 44.0 (44.0) (Yes) 未实现 ? 未实现 40.0

[1] Service workers (and Push) have been disabled in the Firefox 45 and 52 Extended Support Releases (ESR.)

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