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The quotes CSS property sets how quotation marks appear.

Syntax

/* Keyword value */
quotes: none;

/* <string> values */
quotes: "«" "»";           /* Set open-quote and close-quote to the French quotation marks */
quotes: "«" "»" "‹" "›";   /* Set two levels of quotation marks */

/* Global values */
quotes: inherit;
quotes: initial;
quotes: unset;

Values

none
The open-quote and close-quote values of the content property produce no quotation marks.
[<string> <string>]+
One or more pairs of <string> values for open-quote and close-quote. The first pair represents the outer level of quotation, the second pair is for the first nested level, next pair for third level and so on.

Formal syntax

none | [ <string> <string> ]+

Example

HTML

<q>To be or not to be. That's the question!</q>

CSS

q {
  quotes: '"' '"' "'" "'";
}
q::before {
  content: open-quote;
}
q:after {
  content: close-quote;
}

Result

Notes

Starting in Firefox 3.5, the initial value of the quotes property can be read using -moz-initial This wasn't possible in earlier versions of Firefox.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Generated Content Module Level 3
The definition of 'quotes' in that specification.
Working Draft  
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'quotes' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Initial valuedepends on user agent
Applies toall elements
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
quotesChrome Full support 11Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 8Opera Full support 4Safari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 37Chrome Android Full support 18Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also