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Summary

The object-fit CSS property specifies how the contents of a replaced element should be fitted to the box established by its used height and width.

物件契合(object-fit)CSS屬性能指定置換元素(replaced element)的內容要如何契合、安裝到其使用的高度和寬度已確定的框。

 

預設值fill
Applies toreplaced elements
繼承與否no
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
object-fit: fill;
object-fit: contain;
object-fit: cover;
object-fit: none;
object-fit: scale-down;

/* Global values */
object-fit: inherit;
object-fit: initial;
object-fit: unset;

Values

fill
The replaced content is sized to fill the element’s content box: the object’s concrete object size is the element’s used width and height.
contain
The replaced content is sized to maintain its aspect ratio while fitting within the element’s content box: its concrete object size is resolved as a contain constraint against the element’s used width and height.
cover
The replaced content is sized to maintain its aspect ratio while filling the element’s entire content box: its concrete object size is resolved as a cover constraint against the element’s used width and height.
none
The replaced content is not resized to fit inside the element’s content box: the object’s concrete object size is determined using the default sizing algorithm with no specified size, and a default object size equal to the replaced element’s used width and height.
scale-down
The content is sized as if none or contain were specified, whichever would result in a smaller concrete object size.

Formal syntax

fill | contain | cover | none | scale-down

Example

HTML Content

<div>
  <h2>object-fit: fill</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="fill"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="fill narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: contain</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="contain"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="contain narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: cover</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="cover"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="cover narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: none</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="none"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="none narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: scale-down</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="scale-down"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="scale-down narrow"/>

</div>

CSS Content

h2 {
  font-family: Courier New, monospace;
  font-size: 1em;
  margin: 1em 0 0.3em;
}

div {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
  align-items: flex-start;
  height: 940px;
}

img {
  width: 150px;
  height: 100px;
  border: 1px solid #000;
}

.narrow {
  width: 100px;
  height: 150px;
  margin-top: 10px;
}

.fill {
  object-fit: fill;
}

.contain {
  object-fit: contain;
}

.cover {
  object-fit: cover;
}

.none {
  object-fit: none;
}

.scale-down {
  object-fit: scale-down;
}

Output

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Images Module Level 4
The definition of 'object-fit' in that specification.
Working Draft The from-image and flip keywords have been added.
CSS Images Module Level 3
The definition of 'object-fit' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

We're converting our compatibility data into a machine-readable JSON format. This compatibility table still uses the old format, because we haven't yet converted the data it contains. Find out how you can help!

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 31.0 36 (36) No support 11.60-o
19.0
(Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4.4 36 (36) No support 11.5-o
24
(Yes)

See also

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