网格模板列

Summary

The grid-template-columns CSS property defines the line names and track sizing functions of the grid columns (en-US).

預設值none
Applies togrid containers
繼承與否no
Percentagesrefer to corresponding dimension of the content area
Computed value (en-US)as specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
Animation typesimple list of length, percentage, or calc, provided the only differences are in the values of the length, percentage, or calc components in the list

Syntax

/* Keyword value */
grid-template-columns: none;

/* <track-list> values */
grid-template-columns: 100px 1fr;
grid-template-columns: [linename] 100px;
grid-template-columns: [linename1] 100px [linename2 linename3];
grid-template-columns: minmax(100px, 1fr);
grid-template-columns: fit-content(40%);
grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 200px);

/* <auto-track-list> values */
grid-template-columns: 200px repeat(auto-fill, 100px) 300px;
grid-template-columns: minmax(100px, max-content)
                       repeat(auto-fill, 200px) 20%;
grid-template-columns: [linename1] 100px [linename2]
                       repeat(auto-fit, [linename3 linename4] 300px)
                       100px;
grid-template-columns: [linename1 linename2] 100px
                       repeat(auto-fit, [linename1] 300px) [linename3];

/* Global values */
grid-template-columns: inherit;
grid-template-columns: initial;
grid-template-columns: unset;

Values

none
Is a keyword meaning that there is no explicit grid. Any columns will be implicitly generated and their size will be determined by the grid-auto-columns (en-US) property.
<length>
Is a non-negative length.
<percentage>
Is a non-negative <percentage> (en-US) value relative to the inline size of the grid container. If the size of the grid container depends on the size of its tracks, then the percentage must be treated as auto.
The intrinsic size contributions of the track may be adjusted to the size of the grid container and increase the final size of the track by the minimum amount that would result in honoring the percentage.
<flex>
Is a non-negative dimension with the unit fr specifying the track’s flex factor. Each <flex>-sized track takes a share of the remaining space in proportion to its flex factor.

When appearing outside a minmax() notation, it implies an automatic minimum (i.e. minmax(auto, <flex>)).

max-content
Is a keyword representing the largest maximal content contribution of the grid items occupying the grid track.
min-content
Is a keyword representing the largest minimal content contribution of the grid items occupying the grid track.
minmax(min, max) (en-US)
Is a functional notation that defines a size range greater than or equal to min and less than or equal to max. If max is smaller than min, then max is ignored and the function is treated as min. As a maximum, a <flex> value sets the track’s flex factor. It is invalid as a minimum.
auto
Is a keyword that is identical to maximal content if it's a maximum. As a minimum it represents the largest minimum size (as specified by min-width (en-US)/min-height (en-US)) of the grid items occupying the grid track.

Note: auto track sizes (and only auto track sizes) can be stretched by the align-content (en-US) and justify-content (en-US) properties.

fit-content( [ <length> | <percentage> ] ) (en-US)
Represents the formula min(max-content, max(auto, argument)), which is calculated similar to auto (i.e. minmax(auto, max-content)), except that the track size is clamped at argument if it is greater than the auto minimum.
repeat( [ <positive-integer> | auto-fill | auto-fit ] , <track-list> ) (en-US)
Represents a repeated fragment of the track list, allowing a large number of columns that exhibit a recurring pattern to be written in a more compact form.

Formal syntax

none | (en-US) <track-list> | (en-US) <auto-track-list> | (en-US) subgrid <line-name-list>? (en-US)

where
<track-list> = [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) [ (en-US) <track-size> | (en-US) <track-repeat> ] (en-US) ] (en-US)+ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US)
<auto-track-list> = [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) [ (en-US) <fixed-size> | (en-US) <fixed-repeat> ] (en-US) ] (en-US)* (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) <auto-repeat> [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) [ (en-US) <fixed-size> | (en-US) <fixed-repeat> ] (en-US) ] (en-US)* (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US)
<line-name-list> = [ (en-US) <line-names> | (en-US) <name-repeat> ] (en-US)+ (en-US)

where
<line-names> = '[ (en-US)' <custom-ident> (en-US)* (en-US) '] (en-US)'
<track-size> = <track-breadth> | (en-US) minmax( <inflexible-breadth> , <track-breadth> ) | (en-US) fit-content( [ (en-US) <length> (en-US) | (en-US) <percentage> (en-US) ] (en-US) )
<track-repeat> = repeat( [ (en-US) <integer [1,∞]> ] (en-US) , [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) <track-size> ] (en-US)+ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) )
<fixed-size> = <fixed-breadth> | (en-US) minmax( <fixed-breadth> , <track-breadth> ) | (en-US) minmax( <inflexible-breadth> , <fixed-breadth> )
<fixed-repeat> = repeat( [ (en-US) <integer [1,∞]> ] (en-US) , [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) <fixed-size> ] (en-US)+ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) )
<auto-repeat> = repeat( [ (en-US) auto-fill | (en-US) auto-fit ] (en-US) , [ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) <fixed-size> ] (en-US)+ (en-US) <line-names>? (en-US) )

where
<track-breadth> = <length-percentage> | (en-US) <flex> (en-US) | (en-US) min-content | (en-US) max-content | (en-US) auto
<inflexible-breadth> = <length> (en-US) | (en-US) <percentage> (en-US) | (en-US) min-content | (en-US) max-content | (en-US) auto
<fixed-breadth> = <length-percentage>

where
<length-percentage> = <length> (en-US) | (en-US) <percentage> (en-US)

Examples

CSS

#grid {
  display: grid;
  width: 100%;
  grid-template-columns: 50px 1fr;
}

#areaA {
  background-color: lime;
}

#areaB {
  background-color: yellow;
}

HTML

<div id="grid">
  <div id="areaA">A</div>
  <div id="areaB">B</div>
</div>

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'grid-template-columns' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also