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The :defined CSS pseudo-class represents any element that has been defined. This includes any standard element built in to the browser, and custom elements that have been successfully defined (i.e. with the CustomElementRegistry.define() method).

/* Selects any defined element */
:defined {
  font-style: italic;
}

/* Selects any instance of a specific custom element */
simple-custom:defined {
  display: block;
}

Syntax

:defined

Examples

This example first includes a script defining a <simple-custom> custom element:

customElements.define('simple-custom',
  class extends HTMLElement {
    constructor() {
      super();

      let divElem = document.createElement('div');
      divElem.textContent = this.getAttribute('text');

      let shadowRoot = this.attachShadow({mode: 'open'})
        .appendChild(divElem);
  }
})

Next, we have some HTML with an instance of the <simple-custom> element, and a standard <p> element:

<simple-custom text="Custom element example text"></simple-custom>

<p>Standard paragraph example text</p>

Now for some CSS. Here we define background colors based on element types, change the opacity of the custom element based on whether or not it is defined, and use the :defined selector to make all defined element text appear in italic.

/* Give the two elements distinctive backgrounds */
p {
  background: yellow;
}

simple-custom {
  display: block;
  background: cyan;
}

/* Both the custom and the built-in element are given italic text */
:defined {
  font-style: italic;
}

Finally, we provide the following two rules to hide any instances of our custom element that are not defined, and display instances that are defined as block level elements:

simple-custom:not(:defined) {
  opacity: 0;
}

simple-custom:defined {
  opacity: 0.75;
  text-decoration: underline;
}

This is useful if you have a complex custom element that takes a while to load into the page — you might want to hide instances of the element until definition is complete, so that you don't end up with flashes of ugly unstyled elements on the page.

Result

Here is the result of running the code above:

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':defined' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
:definedChrome Full support 54Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 63IE No support NoOpera Full support 41Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 54Chrome Android Full support 54Firefox Android Full support 63Opera Android Full support 41Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support

See also

文件標籤與貢獻者

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