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TouchEvent 介面表示了一個由觸控平面因觸碰而改變狀態所發出的事件。平面可以是觸控螢幕或是觸控板,TouchEvent 能描述一或多個觸碰點,並且支援偵測其移動、增加或減少觸碰點等等功能。

觸碰點是由 Touch 物件表示;每一個觸碰點描述了其位置、大小與形狀、壓力值以及目標元素。觸碰點列表由 TouchList 所表示。

建構式

TouchEvent()
Creates a TouchEvent object.

屬性

此介面也繼承了其父介面 UIEventEvent 的屬性

TouchEvent.altKey Read only
A Boolean value indicating whether or not the alt key was down when the touch event was fired.
TouchEvent.changedTouches Read only
A TouchList of all the Touch objects representing individual points of contact whose states changed between the previous touch event and this one.
TouchEvent.ctrlKey Read only
A Boolean value indicating whether or not the control key was down when the touch event was fired.
TouchEvent.metaKey Read only
A Boolean value indicating whether or not the meta key was down when the touch event was fired.
TouchEvent.shiftKey Read only
A Boolean value indicating whether or not the shift key was down when the touch event was fired.
TouchEvent.targetTouchesRead only
A TouchList of all the Touch objects that are both currently in contact with the touch surface and were also started on the same element that is the target of the event.
TouchEvent.touches Read only
A TouchList of all the Touch objects representing all current points of contact with the surface, regardless of target or changed status.

觸控事件類型

觸控事件有多個種類可以代表觸碰狀態發生了改變。可以藉由 TouchEvent.type 屬性來確認是哪一個種類的觸控事件。

touchstart

Sent when the user places a touch point on the touch surface. The event's target will be the element in which the touch occurred.

touchend

Sent when the user removes a touch point from the surface (that is, when they lift a finger or stylus from the surface). This is also sent if the touch point moves off the edge of the surface; for example, if the user's finger slides off the edge of the screen.

The event's target is the same element that received the touchstart event corresponding to the touch point, even if the touch point has moved outside that element.

The touch point (or points) that were removed from the surface can be found in the TouchList specified by the changedTouches attribute.

touchmove

Sent when the user moves a touch point along the surface. The event's target is the same element that received the touchstart event corresponding to the touch point, even if the touch point has moved outside that element.

This event is also sent if the values of the radius, rotation angle, or force attributes of a touch point change.

Note: The rate at which touchmove events is sent is browser-specific, and may also vary depending on the capability of the user's hardware. You must not rely on a specific granularity of these events.

touchcancel

Sent when a touch point has been disrupted in some way. There are several possible reasons why this might happen (and the exact reasons will vary from device to device, as well as browser to browser):

  • An event of some kind occurred that canceled the touch; this might happen if a modal alert pops up during the interaction.
  • The touch point has left the document window and moved into the browser's UI area, a plug-in, or other external content.
  • The user has placed more touch points on the screen than can be supported, in which case the earliest Touch in the TouchList gets canceled.

Using with addEventListener() and preventDefault()

It's important to note that in many cases, both touch and mouse events get sent (in order to let non-touch-specific code still interact with the user). If you use touch events, you should call preventDefault() to keep the mouse event from being sent as well.

The exception to this is Chrome, starting with version 56 (desktop, Chrome for android, and android webview), where the default value for touchstart and touchmove is true and calls to preventDefault() are not needed. To override this behavior, you simply set the passive option to false as shown in the example below. This change prevents the listener from blocking page rendering while a user is scrolling. A demo is available on the Google Developer site.

GlobalEventHandlers

這是一個實驗中的功能
此功能在某些瀏覽器尚在開發中,請參考兼容表格以得到不同瀏覽器用的前輟。

GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchstart
A global event handler for the touchstart event.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchend
A global event handler for the touchend event.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchmove
A global event handler for the touchmove event.
GlobalEventHandlers.ontouchcancel
A global event handler for the touchcancel event.

範例

See the example on the main Touch events article.

規範

Specification Status Comment
Touch Events – Level 2
The definition of 'TouchEvent' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Added ontouchstart, ontouchend, ontouchmove, ontouchend global attribute handlers
Touch Events
The definition of 'TouchEvent' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

瀏覽器相容性

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 22.0 (Yes) 18.0 (18.0)[1]
52.0 (52.0)[2]
No support No support No support
Feature Android Webview Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) 6.0 (6.0) (Yes) 11 (Yes) (Yes)
TouchEvent() (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

[1] Touch events were implemented in Gecko 18.0, but removed again in 24.0 (Firefox 24.0 / Thunderbird 24.0 / SeaMonkey 2.21) on the desktop version of Firefox due to web compatibility issues (bug 888304).

[2] As of Gecko 52.0, touch events support has been fixed and reenabled in Windows desktop platforms.

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