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The Node.hasChildNodes() method returns a Boolean value indicating whether the given Node has child nodes or not.

Syntax

bool = node.hasChildNodes();

Return value

A Boolean that is true if the node has child nodes, and false otherwise.

Example

let foo = document.getElementById('foo');

if (foo.hasChildNodes()) {
  // Do something with 'foo.childNodes'
}

Polyfill

Here is one possible polyfill:

;(function(prototype) {
  prototype.hasChildNodes = prototype.hasChildNodes || function() {
    return !!this.firstChild;
  }
})(Node.prototype);

There are various ways to determine whether the node has a child node:

  • node.hasChildNodes()
  • node.firstChild != null (or just node.firstChild)
  • node.childNodes && node.childNodes.length (or node.childNodes.length > 0)

Specifications

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
hasChildNodesChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also