我們的志工尚未將本文翻譯為 正體中文 (繁體) 版本。加入我們,幫忙翻譯!
您也可以閱讀本文的 English (US) 版本。

The HTMLAnchorElement interface represents hyperlink elements and provides special properties and methods (beyond those of the regular HTMLElement object interface that they inherit from) for manipulating the layout and presentation of such elements.

Properties

Inherits properties from its parent, HTMLElement, and implements those from HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.

HTMLAnchorElement.accessKey
Is a DOMString representing a single character that switches input focus to the hyperlink.
HTMLAnchorElement.download
Is a DOMString indicating that the linked resource is intended to be downloaded rather than displayed in the browser. The value represent the proposed name of the file. If the name is not a valid filename of the underlying OS, browser will adapt it.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.hash
Is a USVString representing the fragment identifier, including the leading hash mark ('#'), if any, in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.host
Is a USVString representing the hostname and port (if it's not the default port) in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.hostname
Is a USVString representing the hostname in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.href
Is a USVString that reflects the href HTML attribute, containing a valid URL of a linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.hreflang
Is a DOMString that reflects the hreflang HTML attribute, indicating the language of the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.media
Is a DOMString that reflects the media HTML attribute, indicating the intended media for the linked resource.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.password
Is a USVString containing the password specified before the domain name.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.origin Read only
Returns a USVString containing the origin of the URL, that is its scheme, its domain and its port.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.pathname
Is a USVString representing the path name component, if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.port
Is a USVString representing the port component, if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.protocol
Is a USVString representing the protocol component, including trailing colon (':'), of the referenced URL.
HTMLAnchorElement.referrerPolicy
Is a DOMString that reflects the referrerpolicy HTML attribute indicating which referrer to use.
HTMLAnchorElement.rel
Is a DOMString that reflects the rel HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the target object to the linked object.
HTMLAnchorElement.relList Read only
Returns a DOMTokenList that reflects the rel HTML attribute, as a list of tokens.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.search
Is a USVString representing the search element, including leading question mark ('?'), if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLAnchorElement.tabindex
Is a long containing the position of the element in the tabbing navigation order for the current document.
HTMLAnchorElement.target
Is a DOMString that reflects the target HTML attribute, indicating where to display the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.text
Is a DOMString being a synonym for the Node.textContent property.
HTMLAnchorElement.type
Is a DOMString that reflects the type HTML attribute, indicating the MIME type of the linked resource.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.username
Is a USVString containing the username specified before the domain name.

Obsolete properties

HTMLAnchorElement.charset
Is a DOMString representing the character encoding of the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.coords
Is a DOMString representing a comma-separated list of coordinates.
HTMLAnchorElement.name
Is a DOMString representing the anchor name.
HTMLAnchorElement.rev
Is a DOMString representing that the rev HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the link object to the target object.
Note: Currently the W3C HTML 5.2 spec states that rev is no longer obsolete, whereas the WHATWG living standard still has it labeled obsolete. Until this discrepancy is resolved, you should still assume it is obsolete.
HTMLAnchorElement.shape
Is a DOMString representing the shape of the active area.

Methods

Inherits methods from its parent, HTMLElement, and implements those from HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.

HTMLElement.blur()
Removes the keyboard focus from the current element.
HTMLElement.focus()
Gives the keyboard focus to the current element.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.toString()
Returns a USVString containing the whole URL. It is a synonym for URLUtils.href, though it can't be used to modify the value.

The blur() and focus() methods are inherited from HTMLElement from HTML5 on, but were defined on HTMLAnchorElement in DOM Level 2 HTML and earlier specifications.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Living Standard The following property has been added: download.
Technically, the URL-related properties, media, host, hostname, pathname, port, protocol, search, and hash, have been moved to the URLUtils interface, and HTMLAreaElement implements this interface.
HTML5
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Recommendation The methods blur() and focus(), as well as the properties tabindex and accessKey, are now defined on HTMLElement.
The following properties are now obsolete: charset, coords, name, rev, and shape.
The following properties have been added: hash, host, hostname, media, pathname, port, protocol, relList, search, and text.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Obsolete No change from Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
accessKeyChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
downloadChrome Full support 14Edge Full support 13Firefox Full support 20IE ? Opera Full support 15Safari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 18Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
hreflangChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
mediaChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
referrerPolicyChrome Full support 51Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 50IE No support NoOpera Full support 38Safari Full support 11.1WebView Android Full support 51Chrome Android Full support 51Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 50Opera Android Full support 38Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 7.2
relChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
relListChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
tabindexChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
targetChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
textChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
typeChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
charset
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
coords
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
name
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
rev
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
shape
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.

See also

  • The HTML element implementing this interface: <a>

文件標籤與貢獻者

最近更新: mfluehr,