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总结

Promise.prototype 属性表示 Promise 构造器的原型.

Promise.prototype 属性的属性特性:
writable false
enumerable false
configurable false

描述

Promise 实例继承自 Promise.prototype. 你可以在构造器的原型对象添加属性或方法到所有 Promise 实例上.

属性

Promise.prototype.constructor
返回被创建的实例函数.  默认为 Promise 函数.

方法

Promise.prototype.catch(onRejected)
添加一个拒绝(rejection) 回调到当前 promise, 返回一个新的promise。当这个回调函数被调用,新 promise 将以它的返回值来resolve,否则如果当前promise 进入fulfilled状态,则以当前promise的完成结果作为新promise的完成结果.
Promise.prototype.then(onFulfilled, onRejected)
添加解决(fulfillment)和拒绝(rejection)回调到当前 promise, 返回一个新的 promise, 将以回调的返回值来resolve.
Promise.prototype.finally(onFinally)
添加一个事件处理回调于当前promise对象,并且在原promise对象解析完毕后,返回一个新的promise对象。回调会在当前promise运行完毕后被调用,无论当前promise的状态是完成(fulfilled)还是失败(rejected)

规范

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
Promise.prototype
Standard Initial definition.

浏览器兼容

We're converting our compatibility data into a machine-readable JSON format. This compatibility table still uses the old format, because we haven't yet converted the data it contains. Find out how you can help!

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 32 24.0 (24.0) as Future
25.0 (25.0) as Promise behind a flag[1]
29.0 (29.0) by default
未实现 19 7.1
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support 未实现 24.0 (24.0) as Future
25.0 (25.0) as Promise behind a flag[1]
29.0 (29.0) by default
未实现 未实现 iOS 8 32

[1] Gecko 24 has an experimental implementation of Promise, under the initial name of Future. It got renamed to its final name in Gecko 25, but disabled by default behind the flag dom.promise.enabled. Bug 918806 enabled Promises by default in Gecko 29.

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