This method is used to retrieve the caret position in a document based on two coordinates. A CaretPosition is returned, containing the found DOM node and the character offset in that node.


var cp = document.caretPositionFromPoint(float x, float y);


Horizontal point on the page at where to determine the caret position.
Vertical point on the page at where to determine the caret position.

Return value

A CaretPosition. Null, if x or y are negative or greater than the viewport.


Basic demo: When clicking in a paragraph insert a line break at the caret position:

HTML Content

<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr,
sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat,
sed diam voluptua. At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum.
Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.</p>

JavaScript Content

function insertBreakAtPoint(e) {

    var range;
    var textNode;
    var offset;

    // standard
    if (document.caretPositionFromPoint) {
        range = document.caretPositionFromPoint(e.pageX, e.pageY);
        textNode = range.offsetNode;
        offset = range.offset;
    // WebKit
    } else if (document.caretRangeFromPoint) {
        range = document.caretRangeFromPoint(e.pageX, e.pageY);
        textNode = range.startContainer;
        offset = range.startOffset;

    // only split TEXT_NODEs
    if (textNode.nodeType == 3) {
        var replacement = textNode.splitText(offset);
        var br = document.createElement('br');
        textNode.parentNode.insertBefore(br, replacement);

var paragraphs = document.getElementsByTagName("p");
for (i=0 ; i < paragraphs.length; i++) {
    paragraphs[i].addEventListener("click", insertBreakAtPoint, false);



Specification Status Comment
CSS Object Model (CSSOM) View Module
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 未实现
See below
20.0 (20.0) 未实现 未实现 未实现
See below.
Feature Android Firefox Mobile IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 未实现 20.0 (20.0)
未实现 未实现 未实现

Gecko-specific notes

WebKit-specific notes

  • WebKit (Safari 5, Chrome) implements document.caretRangeFromPoint(x,y) from an older W3C draft. Also, note that a Range is returned.

Trident-specific notes

  • For MS Internet Explorer the proprietary method TextRange.moveToPoint(x,y) might be helpful.

See also


 此页面的贡献者: teoli, ziyunfei, Emcc
 最后编辑者: ziyunfei,