这篇翻译不完整。请帮忙从英语翻译这篇文章

我们即将放弃这篇文档中描述的 Firefox 附加组件技术。

请勿使用下列技术开发新的附加组件。请改用 WebExtension 代替。

如果您在维护使用下列技术的附加组件,请考虑将其迁移为使用 WebExtensions 技术。

使用下列技术开发的附加组件可能不适用于多进程 Firefox(e10s),它已在 Firefox Nightly 和 Firefox Developer Edition 中默认启用,并很快将遍及 Firefox 的公测版(Beta)和正式版。我们准备了制作多进程兼容的附加组件的文档,但迁移到 WebExtension 是更加着眼于未来的选择。

有关的 wiki 页面写有协助开发人员过渡到新技术的有关资源、迁移路径、办公时间等信息

Unstable

实现在 CommonJS Unit Testing specification version 1.1 其中定义的断言接口。

Usage

To use the assert module, write a set of unit tests following the instructions in the unit testing tutorial. Each test will be passed an Assert object when you run the tests using jpm test. You can use this object to make assertions about your program's state.

For example:

var a = 1;

exports["test value of a"] = function(assert) {
  assert.ok(a == 1, "test that a is 1");
}

require("sdk/test").run(exports);

Globals

Constructors

Assert(logger)

Create a new Assert object. This function is only called by the unit test framework, and not by unit tests themselves.

Parameters

logger : object
Object used to log the results of assertions.

Assert

An object used to make assertions about a program's state in order to implement unit tests.

The Assert object's interface is defined by the CommonJS Unit Testing specification, version 1.1.

Methods

ok(guard, message)

Tests whether an expression evaluates to true.

assert.ok(a == 1, "test that a is equal to one");

This is equivalent to:

assert.equal(a == 1, true, "test that a is equal to one");
Parameters

guard : expression
The expression to evaluate.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

equal(actual, expected, message)

Tests shallow, coercive equality with ==:

assert.equal(1, 1, "test that one is one");
Parameters

actual : object
The actual result.

expected : object
The expected result.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

notEqual(actual, expected, message)

Tests that two objects are not equal, using !=:

assert.notEqual(1, 2, "test that one is not two");
Parameters

actual : object
The actual result.

expected : object
The expected result.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

deepEqual(actual, expected, message)

Tests that two objects have a deep equality relation. Deep equality is defined in the CommonJS specification for Assert, item 7, which is quoted here:

  1. All identical values are equivalent, as determined by ===.
  2. If the expected value is a Date object, the actual value is equivalent if it is also a Date object that refers to the same time.
  3. Other pairs that do not both pass typeof value == "object", equivalence is determined by ==.
  4. For all other Object pairs, including Array objects, equivalence is determined by having the same number of owned properties (as verified with Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call), the same set of keys (although not necessarily the same order), equivalent values for every corresponding key, and an identical "prototype" property. Note: this accounts for both named and indexed properties on Arrays.
assert.deepEqual({ a: "foo" }, { a: "foo" }, "equivalent objects");
Parameters

actual : object
The actual result.

expected : object
The expected result.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

notDeepEqual(actual, expected, message)

Tests that two objects do not have a deep equality relation, using the negation of the test for deep equality:

assert.notDeepEqual({ a: "foo" }, Object.create({ a: "foo" }),
                    "object's inherit from different prototypes");
Parameters

actual : object
The actual result.

expected : object
The expected result.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

strictEqual(actual, expected, message)

Tests that two objects are equal, using the strict equality operator ===:

// This test will pass, because "==" will perform type conversion
exports["test coercive equality"] = function(assert) {
  assert.equal(1, "1", "test coercive equality between 1 and '1'");
}

// This test will fail, because the types are different
exports["test strict equality"] = function(assert) {
  assert.strictEqual(1, "1", "test strict equality between 1 and '1'");
}
Parameters

actual : object
The actual result.

expected : object
The expected result.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

notStrictEqual(actual, expected, message)

Tests that two objects are not equal, using the negation of the strict equality operator ===:

// This test will fail, because "==" will perform type conversion
exports["test coercive equality"] = function(assert) {
  assert.notEqual(1, "1", "test coercive equality between 1 and '1'");
}

// This test will pass, because the types are different
exports["test strict equality"] = function(assert) {
  assert.notStrictEqual(1, "1", "test strict equality between 1 and '1'");
}
Parameters

actual : object
The actual result.

expected : object
The expected result.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

throws(block, error, message)

Assert that a block of code throws the expected exception.

This method takes an optional Error argument:

  • to check that the exception thrown is of the expected type, pass a constructor function: the exception thrown must be an instance of the object returned by that function.

  • to check that the exception thrown contains a specific message, pass a regular expression here: the message property of the exception thrown must match the regular expression

For example, suppose we define two different custom exceptions:

function MyError(message) { 
  this.name = "MyError"; 
  this.message = message || "Default Message"; 
}

MyError.prototype = new Error(); 
MyError.prototype.constructor = MyError;

function AnotherError(message) {
  this.name = "AnotherError"; 
  this.message = message || "Default Message";
    console.log(this.message);
}

AnotherError.prototype = new Error(); 
AnotherError.prototype.constructor = AnotherError;

We can check the type of exception by passing a function as the Error argument:

exports["test exception type 1 expected to pass"] = function(assert) {
  assert.throws(function() {
    throw new MyError("custom message");
  },
  MyError,
  "test throwing a specific exception");
}

exports["test exception type 2 expected to fail"] = function(assert) {
  assert.throws(function() {
    throw new MyError("custom message");
  },
  AnotherError,
  "test throwing a specific exception");
}

We can check the message by passing a regular expression:

exports["test exception message 1 expected to pass"] = function(assert) {
  assert.throws(function() {
    throw new MyError("custom message");
  },
  /custom message/,
  "test throwing a specific message");
}

exports["test exception message 2 expected to pass"] = function(assert) {
  assert.throws(function() {
    throw new AnotherError("custom message");
  },
  /custom message/,
  "test throwing a specific exception");
}

exports["test exception message 3 expected to fail"] = function(assert) {
  assert.throws(function() {
    throw new MyError("another message");
  },
  /custom message/,
  "test throwing a specific message");
}
Parameters

block : block
The block of code to test.

error : function|RegExp
Either a constructor function returning the type of exception expected, or a regular expression expected to match the exception's message property.

message : string
Optional message to log, providing extra information about the test.

文档标签和贡献者

 此页面的贡献者: xgqfrms-GitHub
 最后编辑者: xgqfrms-GitHub,