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This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The flatMap() method first maps each element using a mapping function, then flattens the result into a new array. It is identical to a map followed by a flat of depth 1, but flatMap is often quite useful, as merging both into one method is slightly more efficient.

Syntax

var new_array = arr.flatMap(function callback(currentValue[, index[, array]]) {
    // return element for new_array
}[, thisArg])

Parameters

callback
Function that produces an element of the new Array, taking three arguments:
 
currentValue
The current element being processed in the array.
indexOptional
The index of the current element being processed in the array.
arrayOptional
The array map was called upon.
thisArgOptional
Value to use as this when executing callback.

Return value

A new array with each element being the result of the callback function and flattened to a depth of 1.

Description

See Array.prototype.map() for a detailed description of the callback function. The flatMap method is identical to a map followed by a call to flat of depth 1.

Examples

map and flatMap

let arr1 = [1, 2, 3, 4];

arr1.map(x => [x * 2]); 
// [[2], [4], [6], [8]]

arr1.flatMap(x => [x * 2]);
// [2, 4, 6, 8]

// only one level is flattened
arr1.flatMap(x => [[x * 2]]);
// [[2], [4], [6], [8]]

While the above could have been achieved by using map itself, here is an example showing usecase of flatMap better.

Let's generate a list of words from a list of sentences.

let arr1 = ["it's Sunny in", "", "California"];

arr1.map(x => x.split(" "));
// [["it's","Sunny","in"],[""],["California"]]

arr1.flatMap(x => x.split(" "));
// ["it's","Sunny","in", "", "California"]

Notice, the output list length can be different from the input list length.

//=> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

Alternative

reduce and concat

var arr1 = [1, 2, 3, 4];

arr1.flatMap(x => [x * 2]);
// is equivalent to
arr1.reduce((acc, x) => acc.concat([x * 2]), []);
// [2, 4, 6, 8]
//=> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Array.prototype.flatMap proposal Candidate (3)  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic support
Experimental
Chrome Full support 69Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 62IE No support NoOpera Full support 56Safari Full support 12WebView Android Full support 69Chrome Android Full support 69Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 62Opera Android Full support 56Safari iOS Full support 12Samsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Những người đóng góp cho trang này: mfluehr, Konrud, sunnykgupta, LJHarb, wmsbill, Baptistou, fscholz
Cập nhật lần cuối bởi: mfluehr,