translate()

The translate() CSS function repositions an element in the horizontal and/or vertical directions. Its result is a <transform-function> data type.

This transformation is characterized by a two-dimensional vector. Its coordinates define how much the element moves in each direction.

Syntax

/* Single <length-percentage> values */
transform: translate(200px);
transform: translate(50%);

/* Double <length-percentage> values */
transform: translate(100px, 200px);
transform: translate(100px, 50%);
transform: translate(30%, 200px);
transform: translate(30%, 50%);

Values

Single <length-percentage> values
This value is a <length> or <percentage> representing the abscissa (horizontal, x-coordinate) of the translating vector. The ordinate (vertical, y-coordinate) of the translating vector will be set to 0. For example, translate(2) is equivalent to translate(2, 0). A percentage value refers to the width of the reference box defined by the transform-box property.
Double <length-percentage> values
This value describes two <length> or <percentage> values representing both the abscissa (x-coordinate) and the ordinate (y-coordinate) of the translating vector. A percentage as first value refers to the width, as second part to the height of the reference box defined by the transform-box property.
Cartesian coordinates on ℝ2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ3

A translation is not a linear transformation in ℝ2 and can't be represented using a Cartesian-coordinate matrix.

10tx01ty001 10tx01ty001 100tx010ty00100001
[1 0 0 1 tx ty]

Formal syntax

translate(<length-percentage> , <length-percentage>?)

Examples

Using a single-axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  transform: translate(10px); /* Equal to: translateX(10px) or translate(10px, 0) */
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Combining y-axis and x-axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  transform: translate(10px, 10px);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 1
The definition of 'translate()' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
<transform-function>Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3.5
Notes
Full support 3.5
Notes
Notes Firefox 14 removed experimental support for skew(), but it was reintroduced in Firefox 15.
Notes Before Firefox 16, the translation values of matrix() and matrix3d() could be <length>s, in addition to the standard <number>.
IE Full support 9
Notes
Full support 9
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer 9 supports 2D but not 3D transforms. In version 9, mixing 2D and 3D transform functions invalidates the entire property.
Opera Full support 10.5Safari Full support 3.1WebView Android Full support 2Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 11Safari iOS Full support 3.2Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
3D supportChrome Full support 12Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 10IE Full support 10Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 4WebView Android Full support 3Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 10Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 3.2Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also