XRRigidTransform

The XRRigidTransform is a WebXR API interface that represents the 3D geometric transform described by a position and orientation.

XRRigidTransform is used to specify transforms throughout the WebXR APIs, including:

The advantage to using XRRigidTransform in these places rather than bare arrays that providing the matrix data is that the XRRigidTransform automatically does things like computing the inverse of the transform. Even better, once it's been computed, it's cached so that subsequent requests are significantly faster.

Constructor

new XRRigidTransform()
Creates a new XRRigidTransform object which represents a transform that applies a specified position and/or orientation.

Properties

XRRigidTransform.position Read only
A DOMPointReadOnly specifying a 3-dimensional point, expressed in meters, describing the translation component of the transform. The w property is always 1.0.
XRRigidTransform.orientation Read only  
A DOMPointReadOnly which contains a unit quaternion describing the rotational component of the transform. As a unit quaternion, its length is always normalized to 1.0.
XRRigidTransform.matrix Read only  
Returns the transform matrix in the form of a 16-member Float32Array. See the section Matrix format for how the array is used to represent a matrix.
XRRigidTransform.inverse Read only  
Returns a XRRigidTransform which is the inverse of this transform. That is, if applied to an object that had been previously transformed by the original transform, it will undo the transform and return the original object.

Usage notes

When an XRRigidTransform is interpreted, the orientation is always applied to the affected object before the position is applied.

Example

This code snippet creates an XRRigidTransform to specify the offset and orientation in relation to the current reference space to use when creating a new reference space. It then requests the first animation frame callback by calling the session's requestAnimationFrame() method.

xrSession.requestReferenceSpace(refSpaceType)
.then((refSpace) => {
  xrReferenceSpace = refSpace;
  xrReferenceSpace = xrReferenceSpace.getOffsetReferenceSpace(
        new XRRigidTransform(viewerStartPosition, cubeOrientation));
  animationFrameRequestID = xrSession.requestAnimationFrame(drawFrame);

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WebXR Device API
The definition of 'XRRigidTransform' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
XRRigidTransformChrome Full support 79Edge Full support 79Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 79Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 11.2
XRRigidTransform() constructorChrome Full support 79Edge Full support 79Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 79Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 11.2
inverseChrome Full support 79Edge Full support 79Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 79Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 11.2
matrixChrome Full support 79Edge Full support 79Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 79Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 11.2
orientationChrome Full support 79Edge Full support 79Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 79Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 11.2
positionChrome Full support 79Edge Full support 79Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 79Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 11.2

Legend

Full support  
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