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The SharedArrayBuffer object is used to represent a generic, fixed-length raw binary data buffer, similar to the ArrayBuffer object, but in a way that they can be used to create views on shared memory. Unlike an ArrayBuffer, a SharedArrayBuffer cannot become detached.

Note that SharedArrayBuffer was disabled by default in all major browsers on 5 January, 2018 in response to Spectre. Chrome re-enabled it in v67 on platforms where its site-isolation feature is enabled to protect against Spectre-style vulnerabilities.

Syntax

new SharedArrayBuffer(length)

Parameters

length
The size, in bytes, of the array buffer to create.

Return value

A new SharedArrayBuffer object of the specified size. Its contents are initialized to 0.

Description

Allocating and sharing memory

To share memory using SharedArrayBuffer objects from one agent in the cluster to another (an agent is either the web page’s main program or one of its web workers), postMessage and structured cloning is used.

The structured clone algorithm accepts SharedArrayBuffers and TypedArrays mapped onto SharedArrayBuffers. In both cases, the SharedArrayBuffer object is transmitted to the receiver resulting in a new, private SharedArrayBuffer object in the receiving agent (just as for ArrayBuffer). However, the shared data block referenced by the two SharedArrayBuffer objects is the same data block, and a side effect to the block in one agent will eventually become visible in the other agent.

var sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024);
worker.postMessage(sab);

Updating and synchronizing shared memory with Atomic operations

Shared memory can be created and updated simultaneously in workers or the main thread. Depending on the system (the CPU, the OS, the Browser) it can take a while until the change is propagated to all contexts. To synchronize, atomic operations are needed.

APIs accepting SharedArrayBuffer objects

Constructing is required with new operator

SharedArrayBuffer constructors are required to be constructed with a new operator. Calling a SharedArrayBuffer constructor as a function without new will throw a TypeError.

var sab = SharedArrayBuffer(1024);
// TypeError: calling a builtin SharedArrayBuffer constructor 
// without new is forbidden
var sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024);

Properties

SharedArrayBuffer.length
The SharedArrayBuffer constructor's length property whose value is 1.
SharedArrayBuffer.prototype
Allows the addition of properties to all SharedArrayBuffer objects.

SharedArrayBuffer prototype object

All SharedArrayBuffer instances inherit from SharedArrayBuffer.prototype.

Properties

SharedArrayBuffer.prototype.constructor
Specifies the function that creates an object's prototype. The initial value is the standard built-in SharedArrayBuffer constructor.
SharedArrayBuffer.prototype.byteLength Read only
The size, in bytes, of the array. This is established when the array is constructed and cannot be changed. Read only.

Methods

SharedArrayBuffer.prototype.slice(begin, end)
Returns a new SharedArrayBuffer whose contents are a copy of this SharedArrayBuffer's bytes from begin, inclusive, up to end, exclusive. If either begin or end is negative, it refers to an index from the end of the array, as opposed to from the beginning.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'SharedArrayBuffer' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition in ES2017.
ECMAScript 2017 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'SharedArrayBuffer' in that specification.
Standard  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 8.10.0
SharedArrayBuffer in DataViewChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
prototypeChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs No support No
byteLengthChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge Full support 16
Notes
Full support 16
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 8.10.0
sliceChrome Full support 68
Full support 68
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
Edge Full support 16
Notes
Full support 16
Notes
Notes Support was removed to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Windows blog).
Firefox Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support 10.1 — ?WebView Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Chrome Android No support 60 — 63
Notes
No support 60 — 63
Notes
Notes Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Full support 57
Notes Disabled
Notes Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
Disabled From version 57: this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No support 55 — 57
No support 46 — 55
Disabled
Disabled From version 46 until version 55 (exclusive): this feature is behind the javascript.options.shared_memory preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support Nonodejs Full support 8.10.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

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