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The dir global attribute is an enumerated attribute that indicates the directionality of the element's text.

Он может иметь следующие значения:

  • ltr, which means left to right and is to be used for languages that are written from the left to the right (like English);
  • rtl, which means right to left and is to be used for languages that are written from the right to the left (like Arabic);
  • auto, which lets the user agent decide. It uses a basic algorithm as it parses the characters inside the element until it finds a character with a strong directionality, then applies that directionality to the whole element.

Usage notes: This attribute is mandatory for the <bdo> element where it has a different semantic meaning.

  • This attribute is not inherited by the <bdi> element. If not set, its value is auto.

  • This attribute can be overridden by the CSS properties direction and unicode-bidi, if a CSS page is active and the element supports these properties.

  • As the directionality of the text is semantically related to its content and not to its presentation, it is recommended that web developers use this attribute instead of the related CSS properties when possible. That way, the text will display correctly even on a browser that doesn't support CSS or has the CSS deactivated.

  • The auto value should be used for data with an unknown directionality, like data coming from user input, eventually stored in a database.

Browsers might allow users to change the directionality of <input> and <textarea>s in order to assist with authoring content. Chrome and Safari provide a directionality option in the contextual menu of input fields while Internet Explorer and Edge use the key combinations Ctrl + Left Shift and Ctrl + Right Shift. Firefox uses Ctrl/Cmd + Shift + X but does NOT update the dir attribute value.


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
Определение 'dir' в этой спецификации.
Живой стандарт No change from latest snapshot, HTML 5.1
HTML 5.1
Определение 'dir' в этой спецификации.
Рекомендация Snapshot of HTML Living Standard, no change from HTML5
Определение 'dir' в этой спецификации.
Рекомендация Snapshot of HTML Living Standard, from HTML 4.01 Specification it added the auto value, and is now a true global attribute.
HTML 4.01 Specification
Определение 'dir' в этой спецификации.
Рекомендация Supported on all elements but <applet>, <base>, <basefont>, <bdo>, <br>, <frame>, <frameset>, <iframe>, <param>, and <script>.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome для AndroidFirefox для AndroidOpera для AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
dirChrome Полная поддержка ДаEdge Полная поддержка 79Firefox Полная поддержка ДаIE Нет поддержки НетOpera Полная поддержка ДаSafari Полная поддержка ДаWebView Android Полная поддержка ДаChrome Android Полная поддержка ДаFirefox Android Полная поддержка ДаOpera Android Полная поддержка ДаSafari iOS Полная поддержка ДаSamsung Internet Android Полная поддержка Да


Полная поддержка  
Полная поддержка
Нет поддержки  
Нет поддержки

See also