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The color CSS property sets the foreground color value of an element's text and text decorations, and sets the currentcolor value. currentcolor may be used as an indirect value on other properties and is the default for other color properties, such as border-color.

For an overview of using color in HTML, see Applying color to HTML elements using CSS.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
color: currentcolor;

/* <named-color> values */
color: red;
color: orange;
color: tan;
color: rebeccapurple;

/* <hex-color> values */
color: #090;
color: #009900;
color: #090a;
color: #009900aa;

/* <rgb()> values */
color: rgb(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgba(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgb(34 12 64 / 0.6);
color: rgba(34 12 64 / 0.3);
color: rgb(34.0 12 64 / 60%);
color: rgba(34.6 12 64 / 30%);

/* <hsl()> values */
color: hsl(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsla(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsl(30 100% 50% / 0.6);
color: hsla(30 100% 50% / 0.6);
color: hsl(30.0 100% 50% / 60%);
color: hsla(30.2 100% 50% / 60%);

/* Global values */
color: inherit;
color: initial;
color: unset;

The color property is specified as a single <color> value.

Note that the value must be a uniform color. It can't be a <gradient>, which is actually a type of <image>.

Values

<color>
Sets the color of the textual and decorative parts of the element.

Formal syntax

<color>

where
<color> = <rgb()> | <rgba()> | <hsl()> | <hsla()> | <hex-color> | <named-color> | currentcolor | <deprecated-system-color>

where
<rgb()> = rgb( <percentage>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgb( <number>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgb( <percentage>#{3} , <alpha-value>? ) | rgb( <number>#{3} , <alpha-value>? )
<rgba()> = rgba( <percentage>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgba( <number>{3} [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | rgba( <percentage>#{3} , <alpha-value>? ) | rgba( <number>#{3} , <alpha-value>? )
<hsl()> = hsl( <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | hsl( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? )
<hsla()> = hsla( <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ) | hsla( <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? )

where
<alpha-value> = <number> | <percentage>
<hue> = <number> | <angle>

Examples

The following are all ways to make a paragraph's text red:

p { color: red; }
p { color: #f00; }
p { color: #ff0000; }
p { color: rgb(255,0,0); }
p { color: rgb(100%, 0%, 0%); }
p { color: hsl(0, 100%, 50%); }

/* 50% translucent */
p { color: #ff000080; }
p { color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.5); } 
p { color: hsla(0, 100%, 50%, 0.5); }

Accessibility concerns

It is important to ensure that the contrast ratio between the color of the text and the background the text is placed over is high enough that people experiencing low vision conditions will be able to read the content of the page.

Color contrast ratio is determined by comparing the luminosity of the text and background color values. In order to meet current Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), a ratio of 4.5:1 is required for text content and 3:1 for larger text such as headings. Large text is defined as 18.66px and bold or larger, or 24px or larger.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Color Module Level 4
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds commaless syntaxes for the rgb(), rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions. Allows alpha values in rgb() and hsl(), turning rgba() and hsla() into (deprecated) aliases for them.
Adds color keyword rebeccapurple.
Adds 4- and 8-digit hex color values, where the last digit(s) represents the alpha value.
Adds hwb(), device-cmyk(), and color() functions.
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Working Draft Defines color as animatable.
CSS Color Module Level 3
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Deprecates system-colors. Adds SVG colors. Adds the rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Adds the orange color and the system colors.
CSS Level 1
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.
Initial valueVaries from one browser to another
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueIf the value is translucent, the computed value will be the rgba() corresponding one. If it isn't, it will be the rgb() corresponding one. The transparent keyword maps to rgba(0,0,0,0).
Animation typea color
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
colorChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 3Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
Keyword color valuesChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 3
Notes
Full support 3
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer 8 and later support gray color keywords spelled with an e (grey, darkgrey, darkslategrey, dimgrey, lightgrey, and lightslategrey). Internet Explorer 3 to Internet Explorer 7 only support the keywords spelled with a (gray, darkgray, darkslategray, dimgray, lightgray, and lightslategray).
Opera Full support 3.5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
RGB hexadecimal notation (#RRGGBB, #RGB)Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 3Opera Full support 3.5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
RGB functional notation (rgb())Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support 3.5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
HSL color values (hsl())Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 9Opera Full support 9.5Safari Full support 3.1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Alpha color values (rgba(), hsla())Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3IE Full support 9Opera Full support 10Safari Full support 3.1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
currentcolorChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1.5IE Full support 9Opera Full support 9.5Safari Full support 4WebView Android Full support 37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
transparentChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3IE Full support 9Opera Full support 10Safari Full support 3.1WebView Android Full support 37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
rebeccapurpleChrome Full support 38Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 33IE Full support 11Opera Full support 25Safari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 38Chrome Android Full support 38Firefox Android Full support 33Opera Android Full support 25Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support 3.0
RGBA hexadecimal notation (#RRGGBBAA, #RGBA)Chrome Full support 62
Full support 62
Full support 52
Disabled
Disabled From version 52: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 39
Disabled
Full support 39
Disabled
Disabled From version 39: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari Full support 9.1WebView Android Full support 62
Full support 62
Full support 52
Disabled
Disabled From version 52: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Chrome Android Full support 62
Full support 62
Full support 52
Disabled
Disabled From version 52: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 49Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
Space-separated functional color notationsChrome Full support 65Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 52IE No support NoOpera Full support 52Safari Full support 12.1WebView Android Full support 65Chrome Android Full support 65Firefox Android Full support 52Opera Android Full support 47Safari iOS Full support 12.2Samsung Internet Android ?
Allow floats in rgb() and rgba()Chrome Full support 66Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 52IE No support NoOpera Full support 53Safari Full support 12.1WebView Android Full support 66Chrome Android Full support 66Firefox Android Full support 52Opera Android Full support 47Safari iOS Full support 12.2Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also