# PannerNode.coneOuterAngle

The `coneOuterAngle` property of the `PannerNode` interface is a double value describing the angle, in degrees, of a cone outside of which the volume will be reduced by a constant value, defined by the `coneOuterGain` property.

The `coneOuterAngle` property's default value is `0`.

## Syntax

```var audioCtx = new AudioContext();
var panner = audioCtx.createPanner();
panner.coneOuterAngle = 0;```

A double.

## Example

In this example, we'll demonstrate how changing the orientation parameters of a `PannerNode` in combination with `coneInnerAngle` and `coneOuterAngle` affects volume. To help us visualise how the orientation vector affects, we can use the Right-hand rule:

First, let's start by writing a utility function to figure out our orientation vector. The X and Z components are always at a 90° to each other, so we can use the sine and cosine functions, which are offset by the same amount in radians. However, normally this would mean the `PannerNode` points to the left of the listener at 0° rotation – since `x = cos(0) = 1` and `z = sin(0) = 0`. It's more useful to offset the angle by -90°, which means the `PannerNode` will point directly at the listener at 0° rotation.

```// this utility converts amount of rotation around the Y axis
// (i.e. rotation in the 'horizontal plane') to an orientation vector
const yRotationToVector = degrees => {
// convert degrees to radians and offset the angle so 0 points towards the listener
const radians = (degrees - 90) * (Math.PI / 180);
// using cosine and sine here ensures the output values are always normalised
// i.e. they range between -1 and 1

// we hard-code the Y component to 0, as Y is the axis of rotation
return [x, 0, z];
};
```

Now we can create our `AudioContext`, an oscillator and a `PannerNode`:

```const context = new AudioContext();

const osc = new OscillatorNode(context);
osc.type = 'sawtooth';

const panner = new PannerNode(context);
panner.panningModel = 'HRTF';```

Next, we set up the cone of our spatialised sound, determining the area in which it can be heard:

```// this value determines the size of the area in which the sound volume is constant
// if coneInnerAngle == 30, it means that when the sound is rotated
// by at most 15 (30/2) degrees either direction, the volume won't change
panner.coneInnerAngle = 30;
// this value determines the size of the area in which the sound volume decreases gradually
// if coneOuterAngle == 45 and coneInnerAngle == 30, it means that when the sound is rotated
// by between 15 (30/2) and 22.5 (45/2) degrees either direction,
// the volume will decrease gradually
panner.coneOuterAngle = 45;
// this value determines the volume of the sound outside of both inner and outer cone
// setting it to 0 means there is no sound, so we can clearly hear when we leave the cone
// 0 is also the default
panner.coneOuterGain = 0;
// increase the Z position to ensure the cone has an effect
// (otherwise the sound is located at the same position as the listener)
panner.positionZ.setValueAtTime(1, context.currentTime);```

Having set up the `PannerNode`, we can now schedule some updates to its Y-axis rotation:

```// calculate the vector for no rotation
// this means the sound will play at full volume
const [x1, y1, z1] = yRotationToVector(0);
// schedule the no-rotation vector immediately
panner.orientationX.setValueAtTime(x1, context.currentTime);
panner.orientationY.setValueAtTime(y1, context.currentTime);
panner.orientationZ.setValueAtTime(z1, context.currentTime);

// calculate the vector for -22.4 degrees
// since our coneOuterAngle is 45, this will just about make the sound audible
// if we set it to +/-22.5, the sound volume will be 0, as the threshold is exclusive
const [x2, y2, z2] = yRotationToVector(-22.4);
panner.orientationX.setValueAtTime(x2, context.currentTime + 2);
panner.orientationY.setValueAtTime(y2, context.currentTime + 2);
panner.orientationZ.setValueAtTime(z2, context.currentTime + 2);```

Finally, let's connect all our nodes and start the oscillator!

```osc.connect(panner)
.connect(context.destination);

osc.start(0);
```

## Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'coneOuterAngle' in that specification.
Working Draft

## Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
Desktop Mobile Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Chrome Full support 14 Edge Full support 12 Firefox Full support 25 IE No support No Opera Full support 15 Safari Full support 6 WebView Android Full support Yes Chrome Android Full support 18 Firefox Android Full support 26 Opera Android Full support 14 Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

### Legend

Full support
Full support
No support
No support
Compatibility unknown
Compatibility unknown