in

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The in attribute identifies input for the given filter primitive.

The value can be either one of the six keywords defined below, or a string which matches a previous result attribute value within the same <filter> element. If no value is provided and this is the first filter primitive, then this filter primitive will use SourceGraphic as its input. If no value is provided and this is a subsequent filter primitive, then this filter primitive will use the result from the previous filter primitive as its input.

If the value for result appears multiple times within a given <filter> element, then a reference to that result will use the closest preceding filter primitive with the given value for attribute result.

Fourteen elements are using this attribute: <feBlend>, <feColorMatrix>, <feComponentTransfer>, <feComposite>, <feConvolveMatrix>, <feDiffuseLighting>, <feDisplacementMap>, <feDropShadow>, <feGaussianBlur>, <feMergeNode>, <feMorphology>, <feOffset>, <feSpecularLighting>, <feTile>

Usage notes

Value SourceGraphic | SourceAlpha | BackgroundImage | BackgroundAlpha | FillPaint | StrokePaint | <filter-primitive-reference>
Default value SourceGraphic for first filter primitive, otherwise result of previous filter primitive
Animatable Yes
SourceGraphic
This keyword represents the graphics elements that were the original input into the <filter> element.
SourceAlpha
This keyword represents the graphics elements that were the original input into the <filter> element. SourceAlpha has all of the same rules as SourceGraphic except that only the alpha channel is used.
BackgroundImage
This keyword represents an image snapshot of the SVG document under the filter region at the time that the <filter> element was invoked.
BackgroundAlpha
Same as BackgroundImage except only the alpha channel is used.
FillPaint
This keyword represents the value of the fill property on the target element for the filter effect. In many cases, the FillPaint is opaque everywhere, but that might not be the case if a shape is painted with a gradient or pattern which itself includes transparent or semi-transparent parts.
StrokePaint
This keyword represents the value of the stroke property on the target element for the filter effect. In many cases, the StrokePaint is opaque everywhere, but that might not be the case if a shape is painted with a gradient or pattern which itself includes transparent or semi-transparent parts.
<filter-primitive-reference>
This value is an assigned name for the filter primitive in the form of a <custom-ident>. If supplied, then graphics that result from processing this filter primitive can be referenced by an in attribute on a subsequent filter primitive within the same filter element. If no value is provided, the output will only be available for re-use as the implicit input into the next filter primitive if that filter primitive provides no value for its in attribute.

Workaround for BackgroundImage

Instead of using in="BackgroundImage", we need to import one of the images to blend inside the filter itself, using an <feImage> element.

HTML

<div style="width: 420px; height: 220px;">
<svg style="width:200px; height:200px; display: inline;" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
  <defs>
    <filter id="backgroundMultiply">
      <!-- This will not work. -->
      <feBlend in="BackgroundImage" in2="SourceGraphic" mode="multiply"/>
    </filter>
  </defs>
  <image xlink:href="https://developer.mozilla.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" x="10%" y="10%" width="80%" height="80%"/>
  <circle cx="50%" cy="40%" r="40%" fill="#c00" style="filter:url(#backgroundMultiply);" />
</svg>

<svg style="width:200px; height:200px; display: inline;" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
  <defs>
    <filter id="imageMultiply">
      <!-- This is a workaround. -->
      <feImage xlink:href="https://developer.mozilla.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" x="10%" y="10%" width="80%" height="80%"/>
      <feBlend in2="SourceGraphic" mode="multiply"/>
    </filter>
  </defs>
  <circle cx="50%" cy="40%" r="40%" fill="#c00" style="filter:url(#imageMultiply);"/>
</svg>
</div>

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Filter Effects Module Level 1
The definition of 'in' in that specification.
Working Draft No change
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 (Second Edition)
The definition of 'in' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition