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O Monitor de Rede mostra-lhe os pedidos de rede que o Firefox efetua (por exemplo, quand o este carrega uma página, ou ddevido a XMLHttpRequests), quanto tempo demora cada pedido, e detalhes de cada pedido.
Abrir o Monitor de Rede
There are a few different ways to open the Network Monitor:
- Press Ctrl + Shift + Q ( Command + Option + Q on a Mac).
- Select "Network" from the Web Developer menu, (which is a submenu in the Tools menu on OS X and Linux).
- Click the wrench icon (), which is in the main toolbar or under the Hamburger menu (), then select "Network".
The Network Monitor will appear at the bottom of the browser window. Reload the page to see the requests:
The Network Monitor records network requests any time the Toolbox is open, even if the Network Monitor itself is not selected. This means you can start debugging a page in, for example, the Web Console, then switch to the Network Monitor to see network activity without having to reload the page.
IU - Sinopse
A IU é dividida em 4 partes principais:
- the main screen contains the toolbar, the network request list, and the network request details pane:
- the performance analysis view is a separate screen:
Barra de Ferramentas
From Firefox 47 onwards, the toolbar is at the top of the main window. In earlier versions of Firefox, it's at the bottom.
- an icon to clear the network request list
- an array of icons to filter the network request list by type:
- by the content type of the response
- XHR requests
- (new in Firefox 48) WebSocket upgrades (labeled WS)
- an icon to launch performance analysis
- a summary of this page, including the number of requests, total size, and total time
- a box enabling you to filter requests by URL
- an icon to show/hide the network request details pane.
Lista de pedidos de rede
By default, the Network Monitor shows a list of all the network requests made in the course of loading the page. Each request is displayed in its own row:
By default, the Network Monitor is cleared each time you navigate to a new page or reload the current page. You can override this behavior by checking "Enable persistent logs" in the Settings.
Campos do pedido de rede
Each row displays:
- Status: the HTTP status code returned. This is displayed as a color-coded icon:
- blue circle for informational (1XX codes). Notably, this includes 101 (switching protocols) for WebSocket upgrades.
- green circle for success (2XX codes)
- orange triangle for redirection (3XX)
- red square for errors (4XX and 5XX)
- hollow grey circle for responses that were fetched from the browser cache.
- Method: the HTTP request method used.
- File: basename of the file requested.
- Domain: domain of the path requested.
- If the request used SSL/TLS and the connection had security weaknesses such as weak ciphers, you'll see a warning triangle next to the domain. You will be able to see more details about the problem in the Security tab.
- Hover over the domain to see the IP address.
- There's an icon next to the domain that gives you extra information about the security status of that request. See Security icons.
- Cause: The reason that the network request occurred, for example XHR request,
<img>, script, script requesting an image, etc. This is new in Firefox 49.
Content-typeof the response.
- Transferred: the number of bytes that were actually transferred to load the resource. This will be less than Size if the resource was compressed. From Firefox 47, if the resource was fetched from a service worker cache, then this cell displays "service worker".
- Size: the size of the resource, after any decompression.
The toolbar at the top labels these columns, and clicking the label sorts all the requests by that column.
If the file is an image, the row includes a thumbnail of the image, and hovering over the filename shows a preview in a tooltip:
The Network Monitor displays an icon in the Domain column:
This gives you extra information about the security status of the request:
|Weak HTTPS (for example, a weak cipher was used)|
|Failed HTTPS (for example, a certificate was invalid)|
For weak and failed HTTPS requests, you'll see more details of the problem in the Security tab.
The Cause column indicates what the cause of the request was. This is usually fairly obvious, and you can generally see the correlation between this and the Type column entry. The most common values are:
- document: The source HTML document.
- stylesheet: A CSS file.
You can then click on any of the entries in the popup to open up the relevant script in the Debugger pane.
The request list also displays a timeline for the different parts of each request.
Each timeline is given a horizontal position in its row relative to the other network requests, so you can see the total time taken to load the page. For more details on the color-coding used here, see the section on the Timings page.
Starting in Firefox 45, the timeline also contains two vertical lines:
- the blue line marks the point at which the page's
DOMContentLoadedevent is triggered
- the red line marks the point at which the page's
loadevent is triggered
Filtração de pedidos
You can filter requests by content type or by URL.
Filtering by content type
To filter by content type, use the buttons in the toolbar.
To see only XHR requests, use the "XHR" button in the toolbar.
New in Firefox 48
To see only WebSocket connections, use the "WS" button in the toolbar.
To monitor the data exchanged in WebSocket connections, try the WebSocket Monitor add-on.
Filtrar pelo URL
To filter by URL, use the search box in the toolbar. Click in the search box, or press Ctrl or Cmd + F, and start typing. The list of network requests will be filtered to include only requests that contain your filter string, in either the Domain or the File portions.
From Firefox 45, you can filter requests that don't contain your filter string by prefixing your query with the "-" operator. For example, the query "-google.com" will show all requests that don't have "google.com" in their URL.
Menu de contexto
Context-clicking on a row in the list displays a context menu with the following options:
- Copy URL
- Copy URL Parameters (new in Firefox 40)
- Copy POST Data (new in Firefox 40, only for POST requests)
- Copy as cURL
- Copy Request Headers (new in Firefox 40)
- Copy Response Headers (new in Firefox 40)
- Copy Response (new in Firefox 40)
- Copy Image as Data URI (only for images)
- Copy All As HAR (new in Firefox 41)
- Save All As HAR (new in Firefox 41)
- Edit and Resend
- Open in New Tab
- Start Performance Analysis for the page
Editar e Reenviar
This option opens an editor enabling you to edit the request's method, URL, parameters, and headers, and resend the request.
Copiar como cURL
This option copies the network request to the clipboard as a cURL command, so you can execute it from a command line. The command may include the following options:
||If the method is not GET or POST|
||For URL encoded request parameters|
||For multipart request parameters|
||If the HTTP version is not 1.1|
||If the method is HEAD|
One for each request header.
From Firefox 34, if the "Accept-Encoding" header is present, the cURL command will include
Copy/Save All As HAR
New in Firefox 41.
These options create an HTTP Archive (HAR) for all requests listed. The HAR format enables you to export detailed information about network requests. 'Copy All As HAR' copies the data to the clipboard, 'Save All As HAR' opens a dialog allowing you to save the archive to disk.
Detalhes do pedido de rede
Clicking on a row displays a new pane in the right-hand side of the network monitor, which provides more detailed information about the request.
The tabs at the top of this pane enable you to switch between the following pages:
- Security (only for secure pages)
- Preview (only if the content type is HTML)
Clicking the icon at the right-hand end of the toolbar closes the details pane and returns you to the list view.
This tab lists basic information about the request:
- request URL
- request method
- remote IP address and port (new in Firefox 39)
- status code
- the HTTP request and response headers that were sent
- a button to edit and resend the request
You can filter the headers that are displayed:
This tab lists full details of any cookies sent with the request or response:
As with headers, you can filter the list of cookies displayed.
This tab displays the GET parameters and POST data of a request:
The complete content of the response. If the response is HTML, JS, or CSS, it will be shown as text:
If the response is JSON, it will be shown as an inspectable object.
If the response is an image, the tab displays a preview:
The Timings tab breaks a network request down into the following subset of the stages defined in the HTTP Archive specification:
|Resolução de DNS||Time taken to resolve a host name.|
|Ligação||Time taken to create a TCP connection.|
|Envio||Time taken to send the HTTP request to the server.|
|Espera||Waiting for a response from the server.|
|Receção||Time taken to read the entire response from the server (or cache).|
It presents a more detailed, annotated, view of the timeline bar for that request showing how the total wait time is split into the various stages:
If the site is being served over HTTPS, you get an extra tab labeled "Security". This contains details about the secure connection used including the protocol, the cipher suite, and certificate details:
The Security tab shows a warning for security weaknesses. Currently it warns you about two weaknesses:
- Using SSLv3 instead of TLS
- Using the RC4 cipher
If the file type is HTML another tab appears labeled "Preview". This renders just that HTML:
Análise do desempenho
The Network Monitor includes a performance analysis tool, to help show you how long the browser takes to download the different parts of your site.
To run the performance analysis tool click the stopwatch icon in the toolbar.
(Alternatively, if you have only just opened the Network Monitor, so it's not yet populated with the list of requests, you'll get a stopwatch icon in the main window.)
The Network Monitor then loads the site twice: once with an empty browser cache, and once with a primed browser cache. This simulates the first time a user visits your site, and subsequent visits. It displays the results for each run side by side, or vertically if the browser window is narrow:
The results for each run are summarised in a table and a pie chart. The tables group resources by type, and show the total size of each resource and the total time it took to load them. The accompanying pie chart shows the relative size of each resource type.
To get back to the Network Monitor's list of network requests click the "Back" button on the left.
Clicking on a slice of the pie takes you to the Network Monitor for that run, with a filter automatically applied to see only that resource type.