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Os extras precisam de ser assinados antes de serem instalados nas versões beta e de lançamento do Firefox. Este processo de assinatura ocorre via addons.mozilla.org (AMO), independentemente de optar por distribuir o seu extra via AMO ou por si mesmo.
Nós aqui analisamos os requisitos de assinatura e as revisões relacionadas, antes de discutir como escolher entre o distribuir no AMO ou distribuir um extra por si mesmo. Nós também analisamos os canais disponíveis no AMO e respondemos a questões sobre propriedade e disputas de código.
Assinar os seus extras
Starting with Firefox 43, add-on extensions and multi-item add-ons that include extensions need to be signed by Mozilla before they can install in release and beta versions of Firefox. Themes, and other types of add-ons such as spelling dictionaries, don't need to be signed.
Mozilla signs add-ons through the AMO website and provides three methods for submitting your add-on for signing:
- upload your add-on through the Developer Hub on AMO.
- use the addons.mozilla.org signing API.
- use web-ext sign.
All the signing options are subject to the Firefox Add-on Distribution Agreement.
Using the signing API or web-ext returns you signed add-ons, with no distribution listing created on AMO. If you take the option to upload your add-on through the AMO Developer Hub, you're given a choice between listing on AMO or self-distribution. If you choose self-distribution, at the end of the process you download signed copies of your add-on.
Regardless of the method used all add-ons must pass an automated validation before they are signed. They may also be subject to a manual code review. The review criteria applied to add-ons are found in the Add-on Policies.
Distributir o seu extra
You aren't required to list or distribute your add-on through AMO. You'll, therefore, need to decide if you want to distribute and list your add-on through AMO or distribute it yourself. Here are some things you should consider:
- AMO is a very popular distribution platform, with millions of monthly visitors and installations. It's integrated into the Firefox Add-ons Manager, allowing for easy installation of add-ons published on AMO.
- When an add-on is listed on AMO, updates to installed copies are handled automatically by Firefox each time a new version is listed on AMO.
To enable Firefox to automatically update self-distributed add-ons, the URL where Firefox can find updates needs to be included in the add-on manifest's update_link key. Self-distributed add-ons that don't have an update URL check AMO for updates and are updated to a listed version, if one is available.
For more information on how to submit an add-on for distribution on AMO or self-distribution, see Submitting an add-on.
Mais informação sobre AMO
Os extras no AMO podem ter vários utilizadores com permissão para atualizar e gerir a listagem. Os autores de um extra podem transferir a propriedade e adicionar programadores à listagem de um extra por meio do Hub do Programdor. Não é necessária nenhuma interação com os representantes da Mozilla para uma transferência de propriedade.
Para transferir propriedade
- Make sure the new owner has an account on addons.mozilla.org. New accounts can be created using the "Register or Log in" button, after which the owner must confirm their email address.
- Sign into your account on the Add-on Developer Hub, and click "Edit Listing" for the extension you want to transfer.
- On the left-hand side of the screen, you will see a blue box labeled "Edit Information". Click "Manage Authors & License" — from the resulting page you can add and remove authors.
- One you have added the new author's email address, set that person as the extension owner and make sure the "Listed" box has a checkmark. Now you can remove yourself by clicking the "x" next to your email address.
- When you're done, click "Save Changes". The new owner will be able to manage updates, listing information, etc., when logged in.
Disputas de códogo
Many add-ons allow their source code to be viewed. This does not mean that the source code is open source or available for use in another add-on. The original author of an add-on retains copyright of their work unless otherwise noted in the add-on's license.
If we're notified of a copyright or license infringement, we will take steps to address the situation per the DMCA, which may include taking down the add-on listing. Details about this process and how to report trademark or licensing issues can be found here.
If you are unsure of the current copyright status of an add-on's source code, you must contact the author and get explicit permission before using the source code.