A função CSS matrix() define uma matriz de transformação 2D homogênea. Isso resulta em um dado do tipo <transform-function> .

Nota: matrix(a, b, c, d, tx, ty) is a shorthand for matrix3d(a, b, 0, 0, c, d, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, tx, ty, 0, 1).


The matrix() function is specified with six values. The constant values are implied and not passed as parameters; the other parameters are described in the column-major order.

Nota: Until Firefox 16, Gecko accepted a <length> (en-US) value for tx and ty.

matrix(a, b, c, d, tx, ty)


a b c d

Are <number>s describing the linear transformation.

tx ty

Are <number>s describing the translation to apply.

Cartesian coordinates on ℝ2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ3
a c b d a c tx b d ty 0 0 1 a c tx b d ty 0 0 1 a c 0 tx b d 0 ty 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
[a b c d tx ty]

The values represent the following functions: matrix( scaleX(), skewY(), skewX(), scaleY(), translateX(), translateY() )



<div class="changed">Changed</div>


div {
  width: 80px;
  height: 80px;
  background-color: skyblue;

.changed {
  transform: matrix(1, 2, -1, 1, 80, 80);
  background-color: pink;



Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 1
The definition of 'matrix()' in that specification.
Rascunho atual Initial definition

Compatibilidade com navegadores

Please see the <transform-function> data type for compatibility info.

See also