border-image-slice

The border-image-slice CSS property divides the image specified by border-image-source into regions. These regions form the components of an element's border image.

The slicing process creates nine regions in total: four corners, four edges, and a middle region. Four slice lines, set a given distance from their respective sides, control the size of the regions.

The nine regions defined by the border-image or border-image-slice properties

The above diagram illustrates the location of each region.

  • Zones 1-4 are corner regions. Each one is used a single time to form the corners of the final border image.
  • Zones 5-8 are edge regions. These are repeated, scaled, or otherwise modified in the final border image to match the dimensions of the element.
  • Zone 9 is the middle region. It is discarded by default, but is used like a background image if the keyword fill is set.

The border-image-repeat, border-image-width, and border-image-outset properties determine how these regions are used to form the final border image.

Syntax

/* All sides */
border-image-slice: 30%;

/* vertical | horizontal */
border-image-slice: 10% 30%;

/* top | horizontal | bottom */
border-image-slice: 30 30% 45;

/* top | right | bottom | left */
border-image-slice: 7 12 14 5; 

/* Using the `fill` keyword */
border-image-slice: 10% fill 7 12;

/* Global values */
border-image-slice: inherit;
border-image-slice: initial;
border-image-slice: unset;

The border-image-slice property may be specified using one to four <number-percentage> values to represent the position of each image slice. Negative values are invalid; values greater than their corresponding dimension are clamped to 100%.

  • When one position is specified, it creates all four slices at the same distance from their respective sides.
  • When two positions are specified, the first value creates slices measured from the top and bottom, the second creates slices measured from the left and right.
  • When three positions are specified, the first value creates a slice measured from the top, the second creates slices measured from the left and right, the third creates a slice measured from the bottom.
  • When four positions are specified, they create slices measured from the top, right, bottom, and left in that order (clockwise).

The optional fill value, if used, can be placed anywhere in the declaration.

Values

<number>
Represents an edge offset in pixels for raster images and coordinates for vector images. For vector images, the number is relative to the element's size, not the size of the source image, so percentages are generally preferable in these cases.
<percentage>
Represents an edge offset as a percentage of the source image's size: the width of the image for horizontal offsets, the height for vertical offsets.
fill
Preserves the middle image region and displays it like a background image, but stacked above the actual background. Its width and height are sized to match the top and left image regions, respectively.

Formal definition

Initial value100%
Applies toall elements, except internal table elements when border-collapse is collapse. It also applies to ::first-letter.
Inheritedno
Percentagesrefer to the size of the border image
Computed valueone to four percentage(s) (as specified) or absolute length(s), plus the keyword fill if specified
Animation typeby computed value type

Formal syntax

<number-percentage>{1,4} && fill?

where
<number-percentage> = <number> | <percentage>

Examples

Adjustable border width and slice

The folowing example shows a simple <div> with a border image set on it. The source image for the borders is as follows:

nice multi-colored diamonds

The diamonds are 30px across, therefore setting 30 pixels as the value for both border-width and border-image-slice will get you complete and fairly crisp diamonds in your border:

border-width: 30px;
border-image-slice: 30;

These are the default values we have used in this example. However, we have also provided two sliders to allow you to dynamically change the values of the above two properties, allowing you to appreciate the effect they have:

border-image-slice Changes the size of the image slice sampled for use in each border and border corner (and the content area, if the fill keyword is used) — varying this away from 30 causes the border to look somewhat irregular, but can have some interesting effects.

border-width: Changes the width of the border. The sampled image size is scaled to fit inside the border, which means that if the width is bigger than the slice, the image can start to look somewhat pixellated (unless of course you use an SVG image).

HTML

<div class="wrapper">
  <div></div>
</div>

<ul>
  <li>
    <label for="width">slide to adjust <code>border-width</code></label>
    <input type="range" min="10" max="45" id="width">
    <output id="width-output">30px</output>
  </li>
  <li>
    <label for="slice">slide to adjust <code>border-image-slice</code></label>
    <input type="range" min="10" max="45" id="slice">
    <output id="slice-output">30</output>
  </li>
</ul>

CSS

.wrapper {
  width: 400px;
  height: 300px;
}

div > div {
  width: 300px;
  height: 200px;
  border-width: 30px;
  border-style: solid;
  border-image: url(https://interactive-examples.mdn.mozilla.net/media/examples/border-diamonds.png);
  border-image-slice: 30;
  border-image-repeat: round;
}

li {
  display: flex;
  place-content: center;
}

JavaScript

const widthSlider = document.getElementById('width');
const sliceSlider = document.getElementById('slice');
const widthOutput = document.getElementById('width-output');
const sliceOutput = document.getElementById('slice-output');
const divElem = document.querySelector('div > div');

widthSlider.addEventListener('input', () => {
  const newValue = widthSlider.value + 'px';
  divElem.style.borderWidth = newValue;
  widthOutput.textContent = newValue;
})

sliceSlider.addEventListener('input', () => {
  const newValue = sliceSlider.value;
  divElem.style.borderImageSlice = newValue;
  sliceOutput.textContent = newValue;
})

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 3
The definition of 'border-image-slice' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial defintion

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
border-image-sliceChrome Full support 15Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 15
Notes
Full support 15
Notes
Notes Small SVGs are incorrectly stretched, because percentages in border-image-slice are computed to integers instead of floats (bug 1284797).
Notes Until Firefox 47, SVGs without viewport were not sliced correctly (bug 619500).
Notes From Firefox 48 until Firefox 49, SVGs without viewport are displayed the same as SVGs with viewport, but if the slices are not exactly 50%, they are incorrectly stretched (bug 1264809).
Notes Until Firefox 57, an issue persisted for SVGs without viewport when e10s was disabled (bug 1290782).
IE Full support 11Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 6WebView Android Full support ≤37
Full support ≤37
Full support 4.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 15
Notes
Full support 15
Notes
Notes Small SVGs are incorrectly stretched, because percentages in border-image-slice are computed to integers instead of floats (bug 1284797).
Notes Until Firefox 47, SVGs without viewport were not sliced correctly (bug 619500).
Notes From Firefox 48 until Firefox 49, SVGs without viewport are displayed the same as SVGs with viewport, but if the slices are not exactly 50%, they are incorrectly stretched (bug 1264809).
Notes Until Firefox 57, an issue persisted for SVGs without viewport when e10s was disabled (bug 1290782).
Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 6Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also