:read-only

The :read-only CSS pseudo-class represents an element (such as input or textarea) that is not editable by the user.

input:read-only, textarea:read-only {
  background-color: #ccc;
}

p:read-only {
  background-color: #ccc;
}

Note: This selector doesn't just select <input>/<textarea> with readonly set on them; it will select any element that cannot be edited by the user.

Syntax

:read-only

Examples

Confirming form information in read-only/read-write controls

One use of readonly form controls is to allow the user to check and verify information that they may have entered in an earlier form (for example, shipping details), while still being able to submit the information along with the rest of the form. We do just this in the example below.

The :read-only pseudo-class is used to remove all the styling that makes the inputs look like clickable fields, making them look more like read-only paragraphs.The :read-write pseudo-class on the other hand is used to provide some nicer styling to the editable <textarea>.

input:-moz-read-only, textarea:-moz-read-only,
input:read-only, textarea:read-only {
  border: 0;
  box-shadow: none;
  background-color: white;
}

textarea:-moz-read-write,
textarea:read-write {
  box-shadow: inset 1px 1px 3px #ccc;
  border-radius: 5px;
}

You can find the full source code at readonly-confirmation.html; this renders like so:

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':read-only' in that specification.
Living Standard No change.
HTML5
The definition of ':read-only' in that specification.
Recommendation Defines the semantics regarding HTML and constraint validation.
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':read-only' in that specification.
Working Draft Defines the pseudo-class, but not the associated semantics.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
:read-onlyChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 13Firefox Full support 1.5
Prefixed Notes
Full support 1.5
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Notes See bug 312971 for unprefixed status.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 9Safari Full support 4WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4
Prefixed Notes
Full support 4
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Notes See bug 312971 for unprefixed status.
Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 3.2Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also