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The SubtleCrypto.digest() method returns a Promise of a digest generated from the hash function and text given as parameters.

Warning: Older insecure hash functions, like MD5, are not supported by this method. Even a supported method, SHA-1, is considered weak, has been broken and should be avoided for cryptographic applications.

Syntax

var hash = crypto.subtle.digest(algo, buffer);

Parameters

  • algo is a DOMString defining the hash function to use. Supported values are: SHA-1 (not supported by Microsoft Edge), SHA-256, SHA-384, and SHA-512.
  • buffer is an ArrayBuffer or an ArrayBufferView containing the data to be hashed using the hashing algorithm.

Return value

Example

Here's an example that computes the sha256 of a string and display its hex digest.

function sha256(str) {
  // We transform the string into an arraybuffer.
  var buffer = new TextEncoder("utf-8").encode(str);
  return crypto.subtle.digest("SHA-256", buffer).then(function (hash) {
    return hex(hash);
  });
}

function hex(buffer) {
  var hexCodes = [];
  var view = new DataView(buffer);
  for (var i = 0; i < view.byteLength; i += 4) {
    // Using getUint32 reduces the number of iterations needed (we process 4 bytes each time)
    var value = view.getUint32(i)
    // toString(16) will give the hex representation of the number without padding
    var stringValue = value.toString(16)
    // We use concatenation and slice for padding
    var padding = '00000000'
    var paddedValue = (padding + stringValue).slice(-padding.length)
    hexCodes.push(paddedValue);
  }

  // Join all the hex strings into one
  return hexCodes.join("");
}

sha256("foobar").then(function(digest) {
  console.log(digest);
}); // outputs "c3ab8ff13720e8ad9047dd39466b3c8974e592c2fa383d4a3960714caef0c4f2"

And an example using async/await.

async function sha256(message) {

    // encode as UTF-8
    const msgBuffer = new TextEncoder('utf-8').encode(message);

    // hash the message
    const hashBuffer = await crypto.subtle.digest('SHA-256', msgBuffer);
    
    // convert ArrayBuffer to Array
    const hashArray = Array.from(new Uint8Array(hashBuffer));

    // convert bytes to hex string
    const hashHex = hashArray.map(b => ('00' + b.toString(16)).slice(-2)).join('');
    return hashHex;
}

sha256('abc').then(hash => console.log(hash));

(async function() {
    const hash = await sha256('abc');
}());

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Cryptography API
The definition of 'SubtleCrypto.digest()' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 37Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 34
Full support 34
No support 32 — 34
Disabled
Disabled From version 32 until version 34 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.webcrypto.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Partial support 11
Notes
Partial support 11
Notes
Notes Returns CryptoOperation instead of Promise
Opera Full support 24Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 37Chrome Android Full support 37Edge Mobile Full support 12Firefox Android Full support 34
Full support 34
No support 32 — 34
Disabled
Disabled From version 32 until version 34 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.webcrypto.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Partial support  
Partial support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Etiquetas do documento e colaboradores

Última atualização por: chrisdavidmills,