Esta tradução está incompleta. Por favor, ajude a traduzir este artigo.
Note: Do not make substantive changes to this document without consulting Benjamin Smedberg <email@example.com> or one of the build-config peers.
Este documento detalha como configurar a compilação do Firefox. Na maioria das vezes um arquivo
mozconfig não é necessário. As opções padrão são mais bem suportadas, por isso, é preferível adicionar com poucas opções quando possível. Por favor, leia as seguintes instruções cuidadosamente antes do desenvolvimento, e siga-os em ordem. Ignorando qualquer passo pode causar falha na compilação, ou o software desenvolvido pode ser inutilizável. Construir opções, incluindo opções não utilizáveis a partir da linha de comando, pode aparecer em arquivos "confvars.sh" no código fonte.
mozconfig configuration file
The choice of which Mozilla application to build and other configuration options can be configured in a
mozconfig file. (It is possible to manually call
configure with command-line options, but this is not recommended). The
mozconfig file should be in your source directory (that is,
Create a blank
echo "# My first mozilla config" > mozconfig
You can also use the
MOZCONFIG environment variable to specify the path to your
mozconfig, but the path you specify must be an absolute path or else
client.mk will not find it. This is useful if you choose to have multiple
mozconfig files for different applications or configurations (see below for a full example). Note that in the
export example below the filename was not
mozconfig. Regardless of the name of the actual file you use, we refer to this file as the
mozconfig file in the examples below.
Calling the file
.mozconfig (with a leading dot) is also supported, but this is not recommended because it may make the file harder to find. This will also help when troubleshooting because people will want to know which build options you have selected and will assume that you have put them in your
mozconfig contains two types of options:
- Options prefixed with
mk_add_optionsare passed to
client.mk. The most important of these is
MOZ_OBJDIR, which controls where your application gets built (also known as the object directory).
- Options prefixed with
ac_add_optionsare passed to
configure, and affect the build process.
Building with an objdir
This means that the source code and object files are not intermingled in your directory system and you can build multiple applications (e.g., Firefox and Thunderbird) from the same source tree. If you do not specify a
MOZ_OBJDIR, it will be automatically set to
If you need to re-run
configure, the easiest way to do it is using
./mach configure; running
configure manually is strongly discouraged.
Adding the following line to your
mozconfig allows you to change the objdir:
It is a good idea to have your objdir name start with
obj so that Mercurial ignores it.
Most modern systems have multiple cores or CPUs, and they can be optionally used concurrently to make the build faster. The
-j flag controls how many parallel builds will run concurrently. You will see (diminishing) returns up to a value approximately 1.5× to 2.0× the number of cores on your system.
If your machine is overheating, you might want to try a lower value, e.g.
Choose an application
--enable-application=application flag is used to select an application to build. Firefox is the default.
Choose one of the following options to add to your
- Browser (Firefox)
Note: This is the default
- Mail (Thunderbird)
- Mozilla Suite (SeaMonkey)
- Calendar (Lightning Extension, uses Thunderbird)
ac_add_options --enable-application=mail ac_add_options --enable-calendar
Selecting build options
The build options you choose depends on what application you are building and what you will be using the build for. If you want to use the build regularly, you will want a release build without extra debugging information; if you are a developer who wants to hack the source code, you probably want a non-optimized build with extra debugging macros.
There are many options recognized by the configure script which are special-purpose options intended for embedders or other special situations, and should not be used to build the full suite/XUL applications. The full list of options can be obtained by running
Warning: Do not use a configure option unless you know what it does. The default values are usually the right ones. Each additional option you add to your
mozconfig file reduces the chance that your build will compile and run correctly.
The following build options are very common:
- ac_add_options --enable-optimize
Enables the default compiler optimization options
Note: This is enabled by default
- ac_add_options --enable-optimize=-O2
- Chooses particular compiler optimization options. In most cases, this will not give the desired results, unless you know the Mozilla codebase very well; note, however, that if you are building with the Microsoft compilers, you probably do want this as
-O1will optimize for size, unlike GCC.
- ac_add_options --enable-debug
- ac_add_options --disable-optimize
- Disables compiler optimization. This makes it much easier to step through code in a debugger.
- ac_add_options --enable-debug-js-modules
You can make an optimized build with debugging symbols. See Building Firefox with Debug Symbols.
- ac_add_options --enable-extensions=default|all|ext1,ext2,-skipext3
- There are many optional pieces of code that live in
extensions/. Many of these extensions are now considered an integral part of the browsing experience. There is a default list of extensions for the suite, and each app-specific
mozconfigspecifies a different default set. Some extensions are not compatible with all apps, for example:
cookieis not compatible with thunderbird
typeaheadfindis not compatible with any toolkit app (Firefox, Thunderbird)
Unless you know which extensions are compatible with which apps, do not use the --enable-extensions option; the build system will automatically select the proper default set of extensions.
- ac_add_options --disable-tests
- By default, many auxiliary test applications are built, which can help debug and patch the mozilla source. Disabling these tests can speed build time and reduce disk space considerably. Developers should generally not use this option.
- mk_add_options MOZ_CO_LOCALES=ISOcode
- ac_add_options --enable-ui-locale=ISOcode
- ac_add_options --with-l10n-base=/path/to/base/dir
- ac_add_options --disable-crypto
- Cryptography is enabled by default. In some countries, it may be illegal to use or export cryptographic software. You should become familiar with the cryptography laws in your country.
On the 1.7 and aviary branches, cryptography was off by default. You need to specify
--enable-cryptoif you want SSL, S/MIME, or other software features that require cryptography.
Mozilla's official builds use mozconfig files from the appropriate directory within each repository.
mozconfig files are taken from production builds and are provided as examples only. It is recommended to use the default build options, and only change the properties from the list above as needed. The production builds aren't really appropriate for local builds.
Firefox, Debugging Build (Mac OS X 64bits)
Thunderbird, Debugging Build (Linux 64 bits)
Building multiple applications from the same source tree
It is possible to build multiple applications from the same source tree, as long as you use a different objdir for each application.
You can either create multiple
mozconfig files, or alternatively, use the
MOZ_BUILD_PROJECTS make option.
MOZ_BUILD_PROJECTS in a single
MOZ_BUILD_PROJECTS, you must specify a
MOZ_OBJDIR and a
MOZ_BUILD_PROJECTS make option, containing space separated names. Each name can be an arbitrary directory name. For each name, a subdirectory is created under the toplevel objdir. You then need to use the
ac_add_app_options with the specified names to enable different applications in each object directory.
ac_add_options --disable-optimize --enable-debug mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=/mozilla/src/obj-@CONFIG_GUESS@ mk_add_options MOZ_BUILD_PROJECTS="xulrunner browser mail" ac_add_app_options browser --enable-application=browser ac_add_app_options xulrunner --enable-application=xulrunner ac_add_app_options mail --enable-application=mail
If you want to build only one project using this
mozconfig, use the following command line:
MOZ_CURRENT_PROJECT=browser ./mach build
This will build only browser.
Using multiple mozconfig files
Alternatively, you may want to create separate
As an example, the following steps can be used to build Firefox and Thunderbird. You should first create three
# add common options here, such as making an optimized release build mk_add_options MOZ_MAKE_FLAGS="-j4" ac_add_options --enable-optimize --disable-debug
# include the common mozconfig . ./mozconfig-common # Build Firefox mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/obj-firefox ac_add_options --enable-application=browser
# include the common mozconfig . ./mozconfig-common # Build Thunderbird mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/obj-thunderbird ac_add_options --enable-application=mail
To build Firefox, run the following commands:
export MOZCONFIG=/path/to/mozilla/mozconfig-firefox ./mach build
To build Thunderbird, run the following commands:
export MOZCONFIG=/path/to/mozilla/mozconfig-thunderbird ./mach build
Using mozconfigwrapper (unix only)
Mozconfigwrapper is similar to using multiple mozconfig files except that it abstracts and hides them so you don't have to worry about where they live or which ones you've created. It also saves you from having to export the MOZCONFIG variable each time. For information on installing and configuring mozconfigwrapper, see https://github.com/ahal/mozconfigwrapper.