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Summary

The top CSS property specifies part of the position of positioned elements. It has no effect on non-positioned elements.

For absolutely positioned elements (those with position: absolute or position: fixed), it specifies the distance between the top margin edge of the element and the top edge of its containing block.

For relatively positioned elements (those with position: relative), it specifies the amount the element is moved below its normal position.

When both top and bottom are specified, as long as height is unspecified, auto or 100%, both top and bottom distances will be respected. Otherwise, if height is constrained in any way, the top property takes precedence and the bottom property is ignored.

Initial valueauto
Applies topositioned elements
Inheritedno
Percentagesrefer to the height of the containing block
Mediavisual
Computed valueif specified as a length, the corresponding absolute length; if specified as a percentage, the specified value; otherwise, auto
Animation typea length, percentage or calc();
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

/* <length> values */
top: 3px;
top: 2.4em;

/* <percentages> of the height of the containing block */
top: 10%;

/* Keyword value */
top: auto;

/* Global values */
top: inherit;
top: initial;
top: unset;

Values

<length>
Is a negative, null or positive <length> that represents:
  • for absolutely positioned elements, the distance to the top edge of the containing block;
  • for relatively positioned elements, the offset that the element is moved below its position in the normal flow if it wasn't positioned.
<percentage>
Is a <percentage> of the containing block's height, used as described in the summary.
auto
Is a keyword that represents:
  • for absolutely positioned elements, the position the element based on the bottom property and treat height: auto as a height based on the content.
  • for relatively positioned elements, the offset the element from its original position based on the bottom property, or if bottom is also auto, do not offset it at all.
inherit
Is a keyword indicating that the value is the same than the computed value from its parent element (which may not be its containing block). This computed value is then handled like it was a <length>, <percentage> or the auto keyword.

Formal syntax

<length> | <percentage> | auto

Examples

/* The body could be set using px unit also for the div to operate */
body{
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
}

/* The div can now operate the settings with % unit (body w and h are set) */
div {
  position: absolute;
  left: 15%;
  top: 30%;
  bottom: 30%;
  width: 70%;
  height: 40%;
  text-align: left;
  border: 3px rgb(0,0,0) solid;
}
 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
           "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
 <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="application/xhtml+xml" />
     <title>Mozilla.org height top left width percentage CSS</title>
     <style type="text/css">
       /* The body could be set using px unit also for the div to operate */
       body {
         width: 100%;
         height: 100%;
       }
       /* The div can now operate the settings with % unit (body w and h are set) */
       div {
         position: absolute;
         left: 15%;
         top: 30%;
         bottom: 30%;
         width: 70%;
         height: 40%;
         text-align: left;
         border: 3px rgb(0,0,0) solid;
       }
     </style>
   </head>
   <body>
      <center>
        <div>
             ...Some content...
        </div>
      </center>

   </body>
 </html>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'top' in that specification.
Working Draft Defines top as animatable
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'top' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) (Yes)[1] (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? (Yes) ? ?[1] ? ?

[1] In Internet Explorer versions before 7.0, when both top and bottom are specified, the element position is over-constrained and the top property has precedence: the computed value of bottom is set to -top, while its specified value is ignored.

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